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All India Coordinated Research Project on Fruits


The All India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP), a landmark in the history of agricultural research was extended to fruit crops during Fourth Five Year Plan. In this system, both central research institutes and State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) work as a team to find solutions to various problems. Thus it helps to generate new technology through interdisciplinary research and to evaluate the suitability, adoptability and transferability of the technology in different ecological conditions of the country. The project started functioning with the merger of ICAR sponsored schemes. It was suitably strengthened in the subsequent plans to intensify interdisciplinary research work covering wide range of agro-ecological conditions. At present there are 22 centres covering 11 SAUs and 2 ICAR based Institutes (10 centres working on citrus, 11 on banana, 6 each on papaya and Jackfruit and 5 on sapota).

About AICRP on Fruits


To have a holistic approach in fruit crops coordination; the AICRP on Tropical Fruits (TF) at IIHR, Bengaluru and Sub-Tropical Fruits (STF) at CISH, Lucknow have been merged and renamed as AICRP on Fruits with effect from 21st August 2013 with its headquarters at Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru. 

The All India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) was extended to tropical fruits during the fourth five year plan (1969-74) on 31st July 1971. It was initially named as All India Coordinated Fruit Improvement Project (AICFIP). The project started to work on citrus, banana, papaya and pineapple as cell-I and on mango, guava and grape as cell-II. Later AICFIP was named as AICRP and Cell-I as AICRP on Tropical and Cell-II as AICRP on Subtropical Fruits.

The Pedong centre of AICRP on Tropical Fruits with Citrus and pineapple as its mandate crops was shifted to Mohanpur with banana and jackfruit as its mandate crops.

During IX plan the evaluations of promising lines of pineapple have been completed hence pineapple was phasedout.  In lieu of this, jackfruit has been included at five centres viz., Jorhat, Kannara, Kovvur, Mohanpur and Periyakulakm.

Currently, AICRP on Fruits has 40 centres (28-SAU based centres, 10-ICAR Institute based centres, 1-CAU based centre and 1-Private).


The broad objectives of the project are:


Collection, conservation and evaluation of germplasm for its utilisation as the cultivars or as donor source of desirable traits in hybridisation programme


Standardization of production technology viz. rootstock, population density, nutrition, cropping system, weed control and water management under different ecological regions


Standardization of crop protection techniques through efficient management of insect pests and diseases





Crops under AICRP

Mango Sapota Papaya Guava Acid Lime  





Dr.Prakash Patil

Project Coordinator

AICRP on Fruits

Indian Institute of Horticultural Research,

Hessaraghatta Lake post,

Karnataka, India  560 089  

Tel No: 91-80-28466080, Fax : 91-80-28466291

E-mail id : pcfruits@iihr.res.in




Genetic Resources - Germplasm collection



Evaluation of germplasm collection is in progress at Arabhavi (70 accessions), Bhubaneswar (26), Coimbatore (200), Gandevi (101), Jalgaon (90), Jorhat (84), Kannara (350), Kovvur (107), Mohanpur (124), Pusa (65) and Trichy (366). Morphological characterization has been completed for 150 accessions at Coimbatore and 102 accessions at Kovvur. Further at Kannara centre has characterized, evaluated and catalogued variability of Nendran group in Kerala and identified 10 morphotypes


A total of 17 accessions at Ludhiana, 120 at Rahuri, 37 at Sriganganagar, 139 at Tinsukia, 117 at Tirupati and 614 at Nagpur are conserved. Efforts to eliminate the duplicate have been in progress.


A total of 121 accessions (wild relatives belonging to different genera of family Vitaceae from different parts of Western Ghats of Maharashtra and Goa) at Pune (ARI), 17 at Ludhiana, 5 at Rahuri and 58 at Rajendranagar are being maintained. Elimination of duplicates among the AICRP centres is in progress.

Evaluation of germplasm for morphological character (5 wild species), chromosome numbers and cytogenetical relationships (53 varieties), disease resistance, nematode resistance, (13 varieties & 3 rootstocks), tolerance to flea beetle (46) has been identified. 


A total of 28 accessions at Sangareddy, 52 at Ranchi, 10 at Sabour and 26 at Udaipur have been maintained, however, at Bengaluru, the total germplasm collection in guava stands at 76, including five species.


The total number of collections maintained are 307 accessions at Vengurle, 117 at Periyakulam, 477 at Sangareddy, 152 at Sabour, 184 at Paria, 575 at Bengaluru, 228 at Rewa, 15 at Pantnagar, 24 at Udaipur, 85 at Rahuri, 143 at Mohanpur and 745 at Lucknow. Further, a total of 350 mango accessions at Sangareddy, 88 at Vengurle were characterized as per the IPGRI descriptor.

At Vengurle, among the 137 accessions, 10 varieties were identified as suitable for the pulp industry based on their high yield (4.7 to 10.5 t/ha as against 2.82 t/ha in Alphonso) and high pulp percentage (76 to 86% as against 72.5% in Alphonso). 



A total of 85 accessions (35 dioecious and 50 gynodioecious) at Coimbatore, 17 at Pune and 24 at Bengaluru are being conserved.

Morphological characterization of 80 accessions was carried out as per Bioversity International Descriptor (1988) and a catalogue on Papaya germplasm maintained at Coimbatore and IIHR, Bengaluru was compiled and released. 


A total of 42 accessions at Arabhavi, 23 at Gandevi, 34 at Kovvur, 18 at Palghar and 19 at Periyakulam are being conserved and evaluated for the growth and yield attributes.



Crop Production


Studies on organic production of banana indicated that treatment combination of  FYM  (10 kg/plant) + neem cake (1.2 kg/plant) + vermicompost (5 kg/plant) and wood ash (1.75 kg/plant) + triple green manuring with sunhemp (Coimbatore) or Diancha (Jorhat) + double intercropping of cowpea + bio-fertilizers,  viz., Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhizae (25 g/plant), Azospirillum (50 g/plant), phosphate solubilizing bacteria (50 g/plant) and Trichoderma harzianum (50 g/plant) was effective in registering  the higher  bunch weight of banana at Coimbatore and Jorhat.

Studies on the epidemiology of Sigatoka leaf spot indicated that, youngest leaf spotted (YLS) a measure of the number of leaves free from infection was highest in July and August plantings at Arabhavi, in June and August plantings at Kovvur, in March to May plantings at Bhubaneswar and in May to July plantings at Jalgaon.



Soil application of 25 kg FYM + 5 kg neem cake + multiple microbial culture of NRCC (T. harzianum, Pseudomonas fluroscens and Azotobacter/ Azospirillum) + 50% recommended dose of fertilizers - RDF (comprising FeSO4, MnSO4 and ZnSO4 200g/plant) as soil application + 50% RDF (comprising FeSO4, MnSO4 and ZnSO4 200 g/plant each) as foliar application has shown better vegetative and yield attributes of Nagpur mandarins.

Foliar application of Bacillus thuringiensis (0.1%) or Beauveria bassiana @ 4X106cfu/ml (0.1%) at pest initiation period was effective in the management of lemon butterfly upto 14 days after spray and are comparable with the chemical pesticides (carbaryl). The next best alternatives include NSKE (5%) and neem oil (1%) in lemon butterfly management both on sweet orange and mandarins.

Among the different acaricides tested, abamectin 1.9 EC (0.0007%), ethion 50 EC (0.05%), propargite 57 EC (0.057%) are the three best treatments with highest B/C ratios followed by petroleum spray oil (2%) or neem oil (5%) both in economical as well as pest controlling aspects for the control of green (Eutetranychus spp., Schizotetranychus spp.) and rust mites (Phyllocoptruta oleivora) in sweet orange and mandarins.

For management of Phytophthora/gummosis, two application of Bordeaux paste (1:1:10) on trunk (pre/post monsoon) with soil application of Trichoderma harzianum+ Trichoderma viride + Pseudomonas fluorescens (100g each/plant) followed by Fosetyl-Al (Aliette) 0.2% spray, first at initiation of the disease and second one month after first application has been effective.



The var. Sardar performed well at Udaipur (20.7 kg/tree), Ludhiana (52.1 kg/tree) and Sangareddy (99.20 kg/tree).

 Among 4 spacing tested, significantly the highest yield (11.4 t/ha) was obtained in the treatment 1.0 mx1.0 m followed by 2.0 mx1.0 m (8.0 t/ha).



Evaluation of colour seedless varieties of grapes at Mandsaur has resulted in identification of a variety Kishmish Moldowsky with maximum yield per vine (1.72kg), highest weight of 100 berries (335.70g) and maximum acidity (0.62%). Maximum raisin recovery (%) was observed in Kishmish Chernyi (23.25) followed by Ruby Seedless (23.07).

 The hybrids such as H-80 (James x Beauty seedless), H-181 (Concord x Cheemasahebi), H-222 (Anab-e-Shahi x Catawba), H-307 [H-541 (Khalili x Bhokri) x Sharad Seedless], H-384 (James x Sharad Seedless) showed better performance for bunch and berry weight and berry size, hence, selected for further evaluation



About 125 accessions of jackfruit have been collected and are being conserved in various centres such as Jorhat (18 accessions), Kannara (15 accessions), Kovvur (25 accessions), Mohanpur (35 accessions), Periyakulam (18 accessions) and Phalgar (16 accessions).

The inarching, epicotyl and softwood grafting on varying rootstock age were tried and found that inarching was more successful.


Out of 34 litchi varieties evaluated, the var. Rose Scented was found promising with regard to tree vigour, fruit yield and quality followed by Calcutta, Early Bedana and Late Bedana under Tarai conditions of Uttarakhand.

Results of substrate dynamics treatments in litchi cv. Rose scented showed that application of ½ RDF + 50 kg FYM + 5 kg vermicompost was found effective for improving fruit yield (55.58 kg/tree), fruit weight (22.42g), TSS (21.160 B), ascorbic acid (30.20 mg/100g pulp), aril content (16.52g) as well as for reduced fruit drop (49.33 %) and cracking (7.07%).

The girdling of 50% of primary branches with 6mm level of girdling was found to promote the early flowering (3rd week of March), harvesting (4th week of June), improved fruit weight (28.33 g), total yield (137.83 kg/ tree) and TSS (19.8°B).



Evaluation of varieties have resulted in identification of the highest yielding (62.71 kg/tree) variety Bangalora and Dashehari (55.40 kg/tree) at Paria, while Mallika has recorded maximum yield (79.66 kg/tree) followed by Himsagar (75.63 kg/tree) at Mohanpur,

Among released hybrids, the Amrapali (71.76 kg/tree), Neelgoa (70.30 kg/tree) and Prabhashankar (64.90 kg/tree) registered highest yield at Mohanpur. At Pantnagar and Periyakulam, the variety Mallika performed better with the yield of 11.46 kg/tree and 54.85 kg/tree, respectively.

The double hedge row systems of planting continue to be superior for maximum yield at all centres. In case of rejuvenation of old orchards, thinning of crowded branchlets and centre opening of the tree after fruit harvest with standard dose of paclobutrazol application has registered the highest yield (405.52 kg/tree), TSS (21.30 °B), shelf life (17.10 days) and the least acidity (0.318 %) as compared to the control with yield of 140.80 kg per tree.

The observations on population dynamics of hoppers revealed that the hoppers were found to be very active throughout the year at Pantnagar, Sabour, Vengurle and Paria (except from May-August) but in Sangareddy and Mohanpur hoppers were occurred only in the months of January, February and March.  The hanging of Rakshak trap with methyl eugenol lure @ 5 traps/ha and replacement of  the lure at 2 months interval was found to be effective against fruit fly as compared to other treatments at Mohanpur and Vengurle.




A total of 87 accessions including two wild relatives viz., Vasconcellea cauliflora and Vasconcellea goudotian are being maintained.

The treatment comprising spraying of acephate 1.5 g/l (3 days before planting) + Sesbania as border crop was found to significantly suppress the incidence of PRSV at 90 DAP (16.3% as against 24.3% in control). In addition to this, the growing of border crop + spraying of urea (10 g/l) + zinc sulphate (1.5 g/l) + boron (1.0 g/l) + yellow sticky trap (5/acre) recorded higher yield (50.8 kg/tree) as against in control (27.0 kg/tree). Similarly, December - February planted crop had the lowest (25%) incidence of PRSV during April.


Planting spacing at 8mx4m (312plants/ha) recorded higher yield of 12.85 t/ha as against the yield of 5.96 t/ha in the 10mx10m spacing (100 plants/ha), number of fruits (680/tree), fruit yield (56kg/tree) and individual fruit weight (85.60g) in 9 year old plants.

Studies on effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers in sapota showed that the combination of vermicompost (10kg) + 750:300:400 g N, P2O5, K2O per tree per year respectively recorded more tree height, spread, number of fruits, mean fruit weight, yield and TSS at Periyakulam





Varieties Released






Technologies Developed



AICRP on Fruits - Centres


Centre            Year of start Crops

Name of the University/Institute

Contact Person
Tel / E-mail id

Centre Address




Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh  Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola,  Maharashtra.

Dr. P.K. Nagre
Sr. Horticulturist
0724-2258200 Extn-1049 aicrp_akola@rediffmail.com

Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola, Maharashtra 444 101



Banana, Sapota

University of Horticultural Sciences, Navanagar, Bagalkot Karnataka.

Dr. N.Thammaiah
Assistant Professor

Kithura Rani Channama College of Horticulture, Arabhavi, Gokak, Belgaum Dist., Karnataka 591 310




Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Siripur,  Bhubaneswar, Khudra - Orissa

Dr S. N. Dash

Associate Professor & Head 0674-2392818/ 0674-2392868

Extn 142


AICRP (TF), Fruit Sciences,  Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, College of Agriculture, Bhubaneswar-751 003




IIHR Regional station, Chettalli, Karnataka,

Dr. P.C Tripathi
Principal Scientist & Head

Central Horticultural Experiment Station, Chettalli,

Karnataka. 571 258



Banana, Papaya

Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.

Dr. . K. Soorianathasundaram

Sr.Horticulturist and Head

Department of Fruit Crops, Horticultural College & Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore 641 003



Banana, Sapota


Gujarat Agricultural University, Gandevi, Gujarat.

Sh. C. B. Patel

AICRP (TF), Fruit Research Station

NAU, Gandevi 396 360,

Dist. Navasari,  Gujarat



Banana, Papaya

Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri, Maharashtra.

Prof. N. B. Shaikh


Banana Research Station, Jalgaon, Maharashtra. 425 001




Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam 

Dr. K. Baruah
Sr. Horticulturist


Department of Horticulture, Jorhat, Assam. 785 013



Banana, Jackfruit

Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur, Kerala.

Dr. Rema Menon
Associate Professor

Banana Research Station, KAU, Marakkal, Kannara P.O,

Thrissur, Kerala. 680 652



Banana, Sapota, Jackfruit

Dr. Y.S.R Horticultural University, Venkataramannagudem, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh.

Dr. B.V. Bhagvan
Sr. Horticulturist

Agril. Research Station, Kovvur, West Godavari Dist.,

Andhra Pradesh. 534 350




Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab.

Dr. H.S. Ratnapal


Department of Horticulture,

Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab.141001



Banana, Jackfruit

Bidhan Chandra Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Kalyani, West Bengal,

Dr. B. Bandyopadhyay
Sr. Entomologist

Officer In-charge, AICRP (TF), Directorate of Research Building, BCKV, Kalyani, West Bengal 741 235



Sapota, Jackfruit

Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli

Dr. B.G. Desai



AICRP (TF), Agricultural Research Station, Palghar, Dr. B. S. Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli, Dist. Ratnagiri

(Maharashtra State


(Voluntary centre)



Central Agricultural University, Imphal


Dr.Barun Singh


barunsingh1974@yahoo.co.in, barunchfcau@gmail.com


Department of Fruit science, College of Horticulture and Forestry (CAU), Pasighat 791 102




Citrus, Sapota, Jackfruit

Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.

Dr. S. Partibhan
Sr. Horticulturist
04546 -231726

Horticultural Research Station, Periyakulam, Tamil Nadu 626 501



Citrus, Papaya

IARI Regional station, Pune Maharashtra.

Dr. S.K Sharma
Principal Scientist

IARI Regional Station, College of Agriculture, Pune,

Maharashtra. 411 005



Citrus, Banana, Papaya

Rajendra Agricultural University, Samastipur, Bihar.

Dr. P. K. Ray
Senior Scientist

Horticultural Research Station, RAU, Birauly, Dist: Samastipur,

Bihar. 848 113




Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri, Maharashtra, India

Prof. D.D.Jagtap
Sr. Horticulturist



AICRP (TF), Department of Horticulture

Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth

Rahuri 413 722, Dist : Ahmednagar , Maharashtra




Birsa Agricultural University, Kanke, Ranchi, Jharkand


Dr. Arun Kumar Tiwari

Jr. Scientist-cum-Asst. Professor


AICRP on Tropical Fruits, Birsa Agricultural University

Kanke, Ranchi 834 006





Rajasthan Agricultural University, Beechwal, Bikaner, Rajasthan

Dr.A.K. Srivastava

Asstt. Horticulturist

0154-2440619 srivastavahort@yahoo.com

AICRP on Tropical Fruits, Agricultural Research Station, Rajasthan Agricultural University, Sriganganagar 335 001




Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat , Assam.

Dr. R.K Kakoti  
Pr. Scientist

AICRP (TF), Citrus Research Station, AAU, Gelapukhuri Road, Tinsukia, Assam. 786 125




Dr. Y.S.R.H.U, Andhra Pradesh.

Dr. K. Gopal
Sr. Plant Pathologist



AICRP on Tropical Fruits (Citrus), Dr. Y.S.R.H.U

S.V. Agricultural College Campus

Tirupati 517 502, Andhra Pradesh


Name Designation Email Id
Prakash Patil Principal Scientist & Project Co-ordinator (Fruits) pcfruits@iihr.res.in pcfruits@gmail.com
Sridhar Gutam Senior Scientist

Sorry no data found.

Name Designation Email Id
Sheela, S. Steno Gr.III
Anjanappa SSS



Future Thrust Areas

  • Genetic improvement and evaluation of genetic resources for development of improved cultivars in tropical fruits.
  • Assessment on impact of climatic variation on phenology, productivity and incidence of insect pests and diseases of tropical fruits.
  • Evaluation of sustainable and input use efficient technologies under different agro-climatic conditions.
  • Bio-intensive and eco-friendly management of major insect-pests and diseases in tropical fruits.
  • Production of healthy planting material in tropical fruits.
  • Effective dissemination of technology developed by AICRP in collaboration with KVKs.


Programmes to be taken under each of the Thrust Areas

  • Genetic improvement and evaluation of genetic resources for development of improved cultivars in tropical fruits.
  • Collection, Characterisation, Conservation, Evaluation and utilization of germplasm for tropical fruits.
  • Development of Varieties resistant biotic and abiotic stresses in tropical fruits and rootstocks in citrus and jackfruit.
  • Exploring the new rootstocks use in sapota.


  • Assessment on impact of climatic variation on phenology, productivity and incidence of insect pests and diseases of tropical fruits.
  • Assessment of phenology, productivity and incidence of insect pests and diseases in tropical fruits grown under varying climatic conditions.
  • Developing of methodologies to overcome negative impacting factors of climate variables on productivity. 


  • Evaluation of sustainable and input use efficient technologies under different agro-climatic conditions.
  • Assessment of cost effective water and nutrient management technologies under different agro-climatic conditions.
  • Assessment of cost effective canopy architecture management techniques to improve the input use efficiency in citrus, sapota and jackfruit.
  • Identifying the limiting soil nutrient factors  for productivity.


  • Bio-intensive and eco-friendly management of major insect-pests and diseases in tropical fruits.
  • Development of Decision support system (DSS) for timely prediction, diagnosis and recommendation.
  • biology and dynamics of emerging insect pests of tropical fruits.
  • Evaluation of new bio-intensive and eco-friendly formulations for major insect-pests and diseases in tropical fruits.


  • Production of healthy planting material in tropical fruits.
  • Establishing/strengthening the mother blocks.
  • Developing the package for the production of healthy planting material in tropical fruits.


  • Effective dissemination of technology developed by AICRP in collaboration with KVKs.
  • Front line demonstration on the technology generated by AICRP on Tropical Fruits.



Events & Workshop on AICRP (Fruits)


The first Group Discussion of AICRP (Fruits) was held at Dr. BSKKV, Dapoli, Maharashtra from 22nd to 25th January 2014.





The second Group Discussion of AICRP on Fruits held at MPUAT, Udaipur, Rajasthan from 26th February to 1st March 2015.


Dr. N.K. Krishna Kumar, Deputy Director General (Hort.) ICAR inaugurated the group discussion; highlighted the need for refinement of technology in order for its acceptance among the farming community.


Dr. S. Ayyappan, Secretary (DARE) and Director General, ICAR graced the occasion; emphasized the development of programmes to achieve the targeted production of fruit crops in India to the tune of 100 million tonnes. A total of 160 delegates including growers and nurserymen of Rajasthan participated in the four day event.



Updated on 13.05.2016