Central Horticultural Experiment Station(CHES), Bhubaneswar

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Dr. Gobinda Chandra Acharya
Principal Scientist & I/c. Head

Central Horticultural Experiment Station, Aiginia, Bhubaneswar a regional station of  ICAR -Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bangalore was established on 6th November 1992. The Station is located in Aiginia which was founded and inaugurated by Dr. Balram Jakhar, Union Minister of Agriculture and Co-operation, Govt. of India and President, Indian Council of Agriculture Research. The station has approximately 40 hectare area. Ever since the station has progressed substancially in achieving its mission and mandates. The station is primarily working on genetic resource management, production, protection technology and transfer of technology. The station is also working on many externally aided projects to bridge the identified gap in achieving the objectives. The Station has developed different varieties and technologies to suit the agro-climatic conditions of the eastern region and propagated them in best possible mechanisms available to different parts of the State of Odisha and other parts of Eastern India as per the mission of “Development and dissemination of sustainable technologies for enhanced horticultural productivity, quality and profitability”. Now the station has office and laboratory, research farm under micro irrigation system, ATIC, training hall and nursery unit.

 

Vision

 

Technological excellence for nationally competitive horticulture in eastern region

 

Mission

 

Development and dissemination of sustainable technologies for enhanced horticultural productivity, quality and profitability.

 

Mandate

 

  • To conduct applied & strategic research to enhance productivity, quality, utility and sustainability of horticultural crops including future vegetables and mushroom for Eastern region.
  • To act as a repository of horticultural genetic resources and their management required for the region.
  • Transfer of technology, impact assessment and human resource development in Horticultural Crops

 

Research Achievements

 

A. Plant genetic resource

 

Collection, conservation, evaluation and utilization of germplasm of fruits and vegetables as well as identification of varieties and hybrids suitable for the region were important activities of the station. The numbers of germplasm lines and varieties have been collected, maintained and being evaluated at the station.

 

Crops

Total collection

Fruit crops

 

Mango

122

Jackfruit

37

Bael

11

Annona sp.

11

Underutilized fruit crops

31

Sub-total

212

Vegetable crop

 

Ivy gourd

18

Pointed gourd

20

Spine gourd

40

Teasel gourd

80

Bitter gourd

48

Sweet gourd

01

Melothria

07

Chilli

106

Moringa

10

Beans

40

Leafy vegetables

50

Sub-total

420

Grand total

632

 

  • IC numbers for 81 mango germplasm, Solanum melongena-2 and Momordica suboica-1 have been obtained.
  • Capsicum chinense:  IC 553688 (INGR 13068) a unique Germplasm has been registered with NBPGR.
  • Coccinia grandis: (INGR 09126) a unique germplasm of ivy gourd has been registered with NBPGR.

 

Establishment of Mango Gene Bank 

 

 A mango gene bank has been jointly established by CHES (IIHR), Bhubaneswar and Directorate of Horticulture, Government of Odisha at the State Horticulture Farm, Dhenkanal.  The gene bank will act as a repository of mango germplasm and varieties.  The station will transfer all its mango germplasm (103) and varieties (51) to State Horticulture department following the Material Transfer Agreements (MTA) norms.  The ex situ establishment of gene bank is first of its kind in which State Department and ICAR jointly perceived the need of conservation of germplasm for their better exploitation.  The germplasm will also be available to the scientists for their research purposes.                  

 

B. Technologies

 

a) Varieties released

 

Following varieties have been developed at CHES, Bhubaneswar.
 

Crop

Variety

Breeding tool used

Specific Characters

Mango

Arka Neelachal Kesari

Clonal Selection

Extra early (ripening in March), Colour, high yield and fruit fly free in coastal Orissa

Custard apple

Arka Neelachal Vikram

Clonal Selection

High yield, low seed content, high keeping quality.

 

Chilli

Arka  Neelachal Agni

Mass Selection

High yield, suitable for green as well as red chilli

Brinjal

Arka Neelachal Shyama

Mass Selection

High yield, round light purple fruit with soft pulp suitable for frying.

Spine Gourd

Arka Neelachal Shree

Selection

High yield,  good appearance, high market preference

 

 

Arka Neelachal Shanti (Hybrid)

Selection

The variety exhibits plant and flower morphology more similar to teasel gourd while its fruit morphology is more close to spine gourd.

Ivy gourd

Arka Neelachal Khunkhi

Selection

Extra large fruit, soft texture, high yield, suitable for salad also.

Arka Neelachal Sabuja

Selection

High yield, hardy plant type,   tolerance to bruishing.

Pointed Gourd

Arka Neelachal Kirti

Selection

High yield, solid core, soft seed, high market preference.

Teasle gourd

Arka Neelachal Gaurav

Selection

High yield, soft seed, high market preference.

 

 

Arka Neelachal Vikram Arka Neelachal Shyama Arka Neelachal Agni Arka Neelachal Shree Arka Neelachal Kesri
Arka Neelachal Shanti Arka Neelachal Kunki Arka Neelachal Sabuja Arka Neelachal Gaurav Arka Neelachal Kirti

 

b) Varieties in pipe line

 

Following varieties have been identified for release at institute level.
 

Crop

Variety

Breeding tool used

Specific Characters

Chilli

Arka Neelachal Prabha

Mass Selection

Upright growth, heavy fruiting, dark green fruit, also suitable for red chilli

Brinjal

Arka Neelachal Kranti

Mass Selection

High yielding, good quality, green, oblong fruit

 

 

Arka Neelachal Kranti Arka Neelachal Prabha

 

c) Promising fruit varieties identified for the region

Mango

 

Prolific bearer with good fruit quality

Amrapali, Mallika

Extra early colour variety with quality fruit

Arka Neelachal Kesari

Early, moderate yield with good fruit quality

Himsagar, Prabha Sankar, Sabri

Mid-season, moderate yield with good fruit quality

Mahmud Bahar, Neeleshan, Neelphonso,

Banganapalli

Colour variety with good fruit quality

Pusa Surya, Pusa Arunima, Arunika

Guava

 

Prolific bearer  with good fruit quality

Arka Amulya, Hisar safeda

Sapota

 

Prolific bearer  with good fruit quality

DSH-1, Bhuripatti, Morabha

Aonla

 

Prolific bearer  with good fruit quality

NA-7

Bael

 

Prolific bearer

Pant Aparna, NB-5

 

d) Production technologies                                                                                             

 

S.No.

Technology

Brief description

1.

Mango-based intercropping models

Sweet potato-cowpea-amaranth and cowpea-tomato-okra combinations as intercrop were found to be the best in terms of economic returns. Miniature fruit crops like pine apple grown in 50-60% inter space in young mango orchard has also been found equally remunerative.

2.

Fertigation in Banana

75% recommended dose of fertilizer (RDF*)

*RDF=200 : 80 : 220 g NPK / plant

3:2:1 (NPK ratio) and 75:20:27.5 (NPK dose) for vegetable growth.

3.

Nutrient management in guava

Different doses of NPK influenced the growth and fruit yield of guava variety Allahabad Safeda after 7th year imposition of treatment

4.

Single trellis system for cucurbits

Suitable for pointed gourd, bitter gourd, spine gourd, teasel gourd, ivy gourd

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

       

 

e) Protection technologies

 

S.No.

Technology

Brief description

Photo

1.

Fruit fly trap in Mango

Pesticides are normally non-effective against them, hence trapping and baiting technology has been developed to manage this pest. 

 

 

2.

Fruit fly trap in cucurbits

Fruit flies cause severe damage to many cucurbit crops right from fruit formation.  Pesticides are normally non-effective against them, hence trapping and baiting technology has been developed to manage this pest. 

3.

IPM module for management of cucumber moth (D. indica)

 

Cucumber moth (D. indica) causes severe damage to cucurbits such as bottle gourd, spine gourd, bitter gourd, pointed gourd and gherkins.  Some of these vegetables are consumed fresh and excessive use of pesticide is not advisable. Hence, IPM module of this pest has been developed.

 

On-going externally aided projects

 

  • Tribal Sub-plan on Promotion of Horticulture for Tribal Livelihood (TSP)
  • Development of National database on mango (DBT funded project)
  • Consortium Research Platform (CRP) on Borers (ICAR)
  • All India Co-ordinated Research Project on Vegetable crops (ICAR)
  • All India Co-ordinated Research Project on Fruits (ICAR)

 

Extension activities

 

  • Planting material supply of new varieties / hybrids of the fruits and vegetables to farmers / state government.
  • Farmers group visits
  • NGOs sponsored trainings
  • Government sponsored trainings
  • On-campus training to Government officers
  • On campus training
  • Off campus training
  • Kisan Ghosti/ day /Mela
  • Stall for demonstration of technologies
  • Publication of extension literature
  • Trellis technology has been adopted by State government.
  • IPM scheme in mango implemented.

 

     

 

Human Resource Development in the Horticulture Sector

 

100 students in 7 batches (Horticulture vocational) have completed their one year practical training.  Six M Sc (Biotechnology) students of Trident Academy of Creative Technology (affiliated to Utkal University) carried out their project work at CHES, Bhubaneswar.

 

Other activities at CHES

 

  • Farm advisory services, demonstrations, technological support to State department of horticulture, farmers, NGO’s, officers from different institutes, other entrepreneurs etc.

 

Facilities created

 

Infrastructure : Office cum Laboratory Building, Conference hall, Central laboratory, Exhibition hall, Library, ATIC, Training hall, Farm unit, Net/poly house, Potting shed, Vermicompost unit, Bore well and Water harvesting ponds etc.

Equipment/Machinery : HPLC, Spectrophotometer, PCR machine, Gel documentation unit, Stereozoom microscope, Autoclave, Electronic weighing balance, Laminar flow cabinet, Generator, Tractor/power tiller, Hedge pruner/weed cutter etc.

 

Events Organized

 

       

 

Publications

 

Research papers:98, Popular Articles / News:68, Book chapters:18, Extension bulletins:12, Extension Folders:19, Books:13 and Paper Presented in Seminar/Symposium:146

 

Linkages

 

Directorate of Horticulture, Government of Odisha, RC-CTCRI, Bhubaneswar, OUAT, Bhubaneswar, CIFA, Bhubaneswar, CISH, Lucknow, CIWA, Bhubaneswar, AICRP (Fruits), IIHR, Bengaluru, AICRP (Vegetables), IIVR, Varanasi, Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi, NABARD, National Horticulture Board

 

Prominent visitors: Many distinguished personnel have visited the station like

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

Name Designation Email Id
Hari Shankar Singh Principal Scientist & I/c. Head singhhs21@rediffmail.com
Gobinda Chandra Acharya Principal Scientist (Hort.) & I/c. Head
Srinivas Petikam Senior Scientist (Plant Pathology) sripost@icar.org.in
Kundan Kishore Senior Scientist (Hort. - Fruit Science)
Sudhamoy Mandal Senior Scientist (Plant Pathology) sudhamoy.blitz@gmail.com
Sangeetha, G. Senior Scientist (Plant Pathology)
Deepa Samant Scientist (Hort.)
Ponnam Naresh Scientist (Veg. Science)
Meenu Kumari Scientist (Hort.)
Name Designation Email Id
Singray Majhi Technical Officer (T-5)
Name Designation Email Id
Mohapatra.B Asst Finance & Accounts Officer
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