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Hari Shankar Singh

Hari Shankar Singh
Designation: 
Principal Scientist & I/c. Head
Division/Section: 
CHES, Bhubaneswar
Specialisation: 
Agri. Entomology
Qualification: 
M. Sc., Ph. D
Research Accomplishments: 

Participatory works and technology i.Management of gall midge through the identification of gall midge resistant rice varieties for desired characters and further popularization at district level. This work fetched seed of Mahamaya rapidly to farmers through seed exchange method in the district. ii.Development of MAT and BAT based IPM module for fruit flies in cucurbits and mango. The technology has brought remarkable impact in lives of tribal people in naxal affected region of Orissa. iii.Field level execution of HWT of mango to reduce post harvest losses due to anthracnose and fruit fly and development of long distance marketing channel for mango. iv.Introduction and revival of lac cultivation through participatory mode in village panchayats leading to environment protection and monetary gains to village institutions and farmers. The achievement of this work encouraged INRG to start work in the district. v.Evaluation and development of single line trellis system for efficient pest control in bitter gourd. The technology has been up taken by ACRIP-veg. for country wide testing. vi.Participatory refinement and implementation of IPM, using Trichoderma, Bt, neem product, mustard trap crop and poison bait in cabbage. The work has led to reduction in pesticide application especially for cut worm control. vii.Participatory refinement and implementation of IPM, using Trichoderma, Bt, neem product, mustard trap crop and poison bait in tomato. The work has led to reduction in pesticide application especially for cut worm control. viii.Identified Arka Neelachal Kesari as fruit fly mango variety in coastal belt of Orissa. ix.Developed BSFB trapping protocol. x.Quantification of field appropriateness of IPM tools of brinjal shoot and fruit borer in farmers’ perspective: 1) field efficacy of various alternative tools, 2) their economic efficiency and 3) reasons for non adoption of alternative tools as against pesticides. The work led to understand the farmers’ compulsion to use pesticide in place of alternatives. xi. Assessment of IPM practices in rice ecosystem and factors of non adoption of low and no cost Agro techniques in rice at farmers’ fields in 10 villages. Worked out the impact of method and result demonstration on the adoption of Agro techniques in rice. xii. Pest modeling: The measurement and modeling of losses of cucurbits to fruit flies: “By cohort, compensated” model. The model indicated that fruit fly damage is more than what we see in harvestable fruits in cucurbits. xiii. Area wide pest control: First time quantification of pest control at field level, village level and area wide control of melon fly in bitter gourd using BAT (3% PH).The work certified the IPM concept “ecosystem should be the management unit” Area wide control of fruit fly using bait and lure based IPM of fruit fly in mango. xiv. First report of insect pests from Orissa region: Recorded vine borer in parwal, ants in minor fruits, mango fruit borer in four states and coffee borer in custard apple. xv. BSFB pheromone studies: Pheromone septa evaluation, effect of weather parameters and pest density on trap, lures storage effect and effect of host crop and wind direction on trap catch. xvi. Identification of host plants and natural enemies: Bitter gourd, spine gourd, pointed gourd, watermelon sweet gourd, ridge gourd snake gourd, raw pumpkin fruit and bottle gourd were identified as host plant of D.indica. Apantales taragamae, Perilampus sp.,Trathala flavoorbitalis,Aphanogmus sp nr. figiensis, Phanerotoma hendecasisella and an unknown parasitoids were recovered from field collected larvae of D.indica. xvii. Insecticide evaluation: Against mango leaf cutting weevil: repellent like neem oil (49.09%) and multineem (33.81%) significantly reduced the weevil damage over control (65.06%) but insecticide offered better control (2.88%) than other alternatives. Against the pumpkin fruit borer D. indica under two pandal systems of bitter gourd: spray of Bt, at 10 interval was found to be quite effective and at par with insecticides. Efficacy of all the treatments was reduced 6 to 30.00 percent in covered pandal than single line. xviii. Germplasm / variety screening against insect pests: Screened 13 varieties of mango against thrips and mite, 19 germplasms of pole bean against Helicoverpa armigera, 18 germplasms of cowpea against spotted pod borer, many advance lines of chilli against thrips and mites, many brinjal lines against BSFB, ivy gourd, spine gourd and sweet gourd and parwal against node borer, D. indica and related insect pests. xix. Pest survey and surveillance: Disease and pest surveillance for two years in coastal belt and farmers practice of vegetable insect pests and their management. Constraint analysis on adoption of IPM in vegetables and status of brinjal shoot and fruit borer indicated heavy damage (63.33 %) but most of the farmers (76.67%) use insecticide at 6-7 days interval. the major constraints was the lack of effective control tool (51.66%) and non-effectiveness of insecticides (23.33%). Survey of litchi fruit borer, stone weevil, fruit fly and fruit borer in 4 states for 3 years. Assessed farmers’ felt constraints and research need in aonla production. xx. Vector related studies: Studies indicated that insecticides, botanicals, bio barrier, nylon barrier and additional dose of nutrition failed to prevent papaya from PRSV. The population dynamics of aphid vector indicated that April to June months were safe for papaya planting. xxi. Crop pest interaction studies: Pest incidence in inter-cropping of mango, pest management under organic cultivation of mango and pest incidence as affected by mango canopy load. xxii. Variety development: Have been the part of variety development program. As of now, 5 varieties are released from institute variety release committee. 6 advance lines of fruit and vegetables are waiting for release.

Important Publications: 
  • Singh H.S., Awasthi H.K. and B.S. Kirar (2004). Participatory extension for lac technology – a case study of Madhya Pradesh. Agricultural Extension Review 15(2 ):27-31 Singh, H.S.;
  • H.K. Awasthi and Kumar, S.M. (2001). Farmers’ participatory identification of gall midge (Orseolia oryzae Wood Mason) resistant rice varieties for desired characters. International Rice Research Notes. Pp.79-80
  • H S Singh, N K Krishnakumar, V Pandey and G Naik (2008). Field appropriateness of IPM tools of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guen). Indian Journal of Plant Protection 36 (2):266-271
  • H. S. Singh, V. Sridhar and G. Naik (2005). Evaluation of some alternative measures against brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis Guen.) under Orissa condition. J.Appl.Zool.Res, 16(2): 123-125
  • H.S.Singh, A. Mohantha, A. Verghese, J.M. Stonehouse and J.D. Mumford (2005). The influence of wood and soaking time on the performance of blocks for the annihilation of male fruit flies in Orissa. Pest Management In Horticultural Ecosystems, 11(2): 121-122
  • Singh, H.S. and Singh, R. (1994). Life fecundity table (for female) of Coccinella Septumpunctata L. in field and laboratory condition. J. Ent. Res. 18 (4): 297-303.
  • Singh, H. S. and Singh, R. (2000). Rate of population change of aphid, Lipaphis erysimi Kalt. in mustard (Brassica juncea) based cropping system in eastern Uttar Pradesh. Ann. Pl. Protec. Sc. 8 (1) :17-19.
  • H.S Singh, A. Verghese, J.M.Stonehouse, J.D.Mumford, S.George, G.Naik and V.Pandey. (2008). Developing bait and lure based IPM module for mango fruit fly management in Orissa. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences78(7):609-13.
  • H.S. Singh, S. George, V. Pandey and G. Naik (2008). Participatory analysis of production constraints and evaluation of control and cost effectiveness of IPM practices in tomato under coastal agro-ecosystem of Orissa. Indian J. Ext. Education. 44(1/2):51-57.
  • H.S. Singh, S. George, V. Pandey and G. Naik (2008). Farmers participatory identification of production constraints and evaluation of control and cost effectiveness of IPM practices in cabbage. Indian J. Ext. Education. 422/8.
  • H.S. Singh, L K Bharathi, S Bhawani and G Naik (2008). New record of vine borer (Apomecyna saltator and its differential damage to pointed gourd varieties /accessions in Orissa. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences78(9):813-4.
  • Abha Singh, H.S.Singh, Vishal Nath and B.N.Sadangi (2010). Farmwomen participation in vegetable pest management in coastal Orissa. Veg. Sci. 36(3):368-371.
  • George S., Singh H.S and G. Naik. (2002). Participatory Approaches for management of pumpkin caterpillar (Diaphania indica) in bitter gourd. Journal of Extension Education VII(1&2): 68-75.
  • H.S. Singh and V. Pandey (2005). Reaction of mango varieties to thrips and mite in Coastal Orissa. Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research 23(1&2):145-148.
  • Singh, H. S., R. S. Pan and M. Rai (2004). Reaction of pole bean accessions against Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner). Veg.Sci.32(1): 100.
  • H.S. Singh, V.Pandey, G.Naik and B.S.Sahoo (2008). Comparative efficacy of some Insecticides and alternatives against the pumpkin fruit borer Diaphania indica (Saunders) under two pandal systems of Bitter gourd (Mormodica charantia) cultivation. Veg. Sci.35(2) 203-205.
  • Stonehouse J.M.,J.D.Mumford, Verghese,A, R.P. Shukla, S.Satpathy, Singh, H. S., and 13 others (2007). Village level area wide fruit fly suppression in India: Bait application and male annihilation at village level and farm level. Crop Protection. 26:788-793.
  • Singh H. S., V. Pandey, G. Naik and Vishal Nath. (2007). Developing trellis system for efficient pest control in bitter gourd under coastal Agro- ecosystem of Orissa. Veg. Sci. 33(2) 203-5.
  • George, S; Singh H.S; Mandal, S and Naik G. (2003). Pest and disease problems of vegetable growers in the super cyclone affected areas of coastal Orissa. Journal of The Indian Society Of Coastal Agricultural Research. 21(1): 71-74.
  • V.Pandey, S. George, H.S. Singh, and G. Naik. (2003). Analysis of constraints for low productivity of banana in Orissa. Journal of Extension Education (1&2) :65-72.
  • Stonehouse JM, Hari S.Singh Patel, RK. , S.Satpathy, T.M.Shivalaingamswamy, S.Rai, A, Verghese and Momford JD. The measurement and modeling of losses of cucurbits to Tephritid fruit flies. Communications in Biometry and crop Science 2(1) :17-25.
Awards & Recognitions, Patents, Inventions, etc: 

Farmers’participatory identification of gall midge (Orseolia oryzae Wood Mason) resistant rice varieties for desired characters. Identification of indigenous plant protection knowledge used in rice and other crops. Impact of method and result demonstration on the adoption of Agro techniques in rice and other crops Identification of factors of non adoption of low and no cost Agro techniques in rice at farmers’ fields. Assessment of rice IPM practices under CDR situation of Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh. Farm women participation in rice IPM. Location specific bait and lure based IPM module for mango fruit fly. Lac production technology Pheromone trapping protocols for brinjal fruit and shoot borer. Farmers’ participatory evaluation of IPM practices in cabbage for coastal Agro-ecosystem. Participatory evaluation of IPM practices in tomato for coastal Agro-ecosystem. Development of trellis system for the pest management in bitter gourd. Eleven varieties of fruit and vegetables

Contact Details
Address for Communication: 
B-2/60, Lingaraj Vihar, Pokhariput,Bhubaneswar.
Email Address: 
singhhs21@rediffmail.com
Telephone #: 
9437635736
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