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Leela Sahijram

Leela Sahijram
Principal Scientist & I/c. Head
Division of Biotechnology
Plant tissue culture systems: hybrid embryo rescue, somatic embryogenesis, micropropagation and specific-pathogen free plantlet production using micrografting/meristem culture
Experience (No. of Years): 
31 years
Research Accomplishments: 

* Team Member in Pioneering work on banana micropropagation in 1980s (including over 20 choice clones from all across India besides Cavendish Group cultivars and Nanjangud Rasabale syn. Rasthali - 'Silk' Group) * Banana Bunchy Top Virus-free and Fusarium Wilt-free banana plantlet production through 'meristem' culture * Hybrid embryo rescue in intergeneric/interspecific/intervarietal crosses in horticultural crops, viz., mango, papaya, seedless grape/lime, banana * Embryo culture in vegetable crops - capsicum, chilli, onion, tomato, okra * Micrografting in citrus * Somatic embryogenesis in mango, pomegranate * Micropropagation: Salt-tolerant grape rootstocks Dogridge, Saltcreek, Ramsey; Passion fruit hybrid Kaveri; Bougainvillea, Chrysanthemum, Carnation, Rose, Lilies; High-value hybrids of tomato and cabbage

Important Publications: 

* Dore Swamy, R. and Leela Sahijram. 1988. Tissue culture propagation of bougainvillea. Gartenbauwissenschaft 53(4):174 * Dore Swamy, R. and Leela Sahijram. 1989. Micropropagation of banana from male floral apices cultured in vitro. Scientia Hortic. 40:181 * Dore Swamy, R. and Leela Sahijram. 1991. Micropropagation of salt-tolerant grape rootstock. In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol. 27(2):135A * Leela Sahijram and Dore Swamy, R. 1991. Hybrid embryo rescue and nucellar embryogeny in monoembryonate mango cultivars. In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol. 27(2):148A * Pandey, R.M., R. Doreswamy and Leela Sahijram. 1993. Tissue culture propagation of banana. Silver Jubilee Publication of IIHR, Technical Bulletin No. 11, IIHR, Hessaraghatta, Bangalore * D.K. Samuel, K.S. Mohan, K. Jagadish Chandra & Leela Sahijram. 1999. Detection of banana bunchy top virus in micropropagated plants by a PCR generated DNA probe. Pest Mgt. in Hortl. Ecosystems 5(1):32-37 * Leela Sahijram, Jaya R. Soneji and K.T. Bollamma. 2003. Analyzing somaclonal variation in micropropagated bananas (Musa spp.). In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biol. (Plant) 39:551-556 * Leela Sahijram and V.C. Kanamadi. 2004. In ovulo hybrid embryo culture in controlled grape crosses involving stenospermocarpic parents. Acta Horticulturae 662:281-288 * Leela Sahijram, B.N.S. Murthy & S.D. Shikhamany. 2005. Introgression of downy mildew resistance into grape cv. Thompson Seedless through hybrid embryo rescue in vitro. Ind. J. Hort. 62(2):107-111 * Leela Sahijram, M.R. Dinesh, Jaya R. Soneji, K.T. Bollamma, Y.T.N. Reddy, Y. Sreevalli and Anitha Naren. 2009. Ex vitro shoot-tip grafting for rescuing hybrid vitroplants of mango (Mangifera indica L.) developed through embryo culture. Acta Horticulturae, 820:319-322 * Leela Sahijram, Jaya R. Soneji and Madhugiri Nageswara Rao. 2010. Molecular and genetic characterization of somaclonal variation in micropropagated bananas (Musa spp.). Genes, Genomes and Genomics 4 (Spl. Issue 1):9-17, GSB Journals, USA * Madhugiri Nageshwara Rao, Jaya R. Soneji and Leela Sahijram. 2012. Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources -Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, Chapter: Citrus (pp. 43-59), C. Kole (Ed.), Springer-Verlag, Berlin

Awards & Recognitions, Patents, Inventions, etc: 

Awards & Recognition: * Distinction, M.Sc. Botany (Plant Physiology) 1976, Osmania University, Hyderabad (A.P.) * Best Lecturer Science Faculty, St. Francis Degree College, Secunderabad (A.P.) [Ranked among top 20 Degree Colleges in the country], 1977-78 * Global pioneer Team Member in developing banana micropropagation technology, 1980s * Dr. Vikram Govind Prasad Award 1999-2000 for research * Global pioneer in hybrid embryo rescue in mango, 2000-2001 * Indian pioneer in seedless grape hybrid embryo rescue technology, 2002-03 * Horticultural Society of India Award 2006-07 for research * Rashtriya Sanman Award 2007 for reasearch Technologies developed: * Banana micropropagation and specific-pathogen free plantlet production * Hybrid embryo rescue in intergeneric/interspecific/intervarietal controlled crosses in mango, banana, seedless grape, seedless lime, papaya * Micrografting in citrus * Micropropagation of salt-tolerant grape rootstocks Dogridge, Saltcreek, Ramsey

Contact Details
Address for Communication: 
Division of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR), Hessaraghatta, BANGALORE 560 089
Email Address: 
Telephone #: