National Conference on "Fruit Breeding in Tropics and Subtropics - An Indian Perspective"

National Conference on "Fruit Breeding in Tropics and Subtropics - An Indian Perspective" Fruit breeding has seen a paradigm shift from the conventional methods viz., introduction, selection, hybridization and mutation to next generation high throughput sequencing. Research in breeding of fruit crops encompassing a wide array of unique questions cannot be extrapulated based on the results of Arabidopsis. Availability of valuable germplasm is a prerequisite for crop improvement.There is an urgent need for conservation and evaluation of indigenous varieties in various fruit crops. On-form conservation & recognising the farmers who conserve native germplasm as 'custodians of genetic diversity' is a welcome trend. Fruit breeders have been attracted to use the molecular technology as a complimentary tool to the conventional breeding. Resistance breeding and development of varieties for various biotic and abiotic stresses are the need of the hour. Fruit breeding is undergoing a sea change with the introduction of underutilized fruitswith pharmaceutical and nutraceutical values of which are being referred as 'fruit cropsof future' viz., rambutan, longan, litchi, avocado, dragon fruit, durian, velvette apple,etc., The need for rootstock breeding with a view to bring marginal and problematicsoils under cultivation is becoming all the more important. The export market for fruitsis expanding and varieties with longer shelf life and those suitable for processing arevery important. Sequencing based approach will be more useful to study the trait specific gene actionsand gene manipulations. Molecular markers viz., RAPD, ISSR,SSR & SNPs are beingextensively used for diversity analysis and traits specific breeding. Till date, the genome sequences of 12 fruit crops have been released, whichincludes mango, papaya, grapes, banana, strawberry, sweet orange, etc. Informationgenerated on the cytology, cytogenetics, genome, proteome, transcriptome, miRNAs andepigenome, are available in the public domain. To shorten the time taken for perennialfruit breeding there is a need to work on the pre-selection indices. This conference is being organized to deliberate on the new methodologies that can beadopted effectively, to discuss about the ways and means to converge the traditionaland molecular breeding methods so that new varieties could be developed for presentday needs. Click to see the Programme-Sessionwise Details Click to download the brochure Updated on 26.04.2016

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