Achievements so far
Work was initiated to develop facilities like plant phenomics, FATE, CTGC, and environmental control chambers. The equipments like Chlorophyll Fluorescence System, Line Quantum Sensor with data logging, U.V. Visible Spectrophotometer etc., were procured.
The work was initiated on aspects like, phenotyping and genetic enhancement for imparting tolerance to high temperature and limited and excess moisture stress conditions in tomato and banana. About 43 genotypes of tomato were evaluated for drought tolerance. Grafting technique using brinjal root stocks for improving tolerance to flooding in tomato was initiated. In banana a total of 28 drought related gene specific primers were used for cDNA to analyze expression pattern in Grandnaine (AAA) and Elakkibale (AB) banana.
Mango phenology work was initiated. Standardized Thermal Day Degrees (TDD) under laboratory conditions for tomato pests were assessed based on the threshold temperatures available in the literature for the specific pest. Surveillance of mango insect pests in different geographical regions was recorded along with prevailing climatic conditions. The mango fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis peaked in June (1309 per trap) to July (1091 per trap) coinciding with active mango cropping period. A roving survey was under taken for the mango orchards located in Karnataka. The Black Banded disease, Leaf Blight and Mango Malformation that were minor earlier have become serious now.
The broad-bed and furrows system was developed by cut and fill method in an area of one hectare to mitigate flash flood effects and drought on vegetable crops. Work on conservation horticulture practices in mango and carbon sequestration studies were initiated.
Isolation of drought tolerant microflora was carried out from the rhizospheric soil samples obtained from cultivated/ non cultivated plants growing in stresses eco-systems, with a special emphasis on the Christmas cactii (Opuntia leptocaulis) a desert plant.