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New Yard Long Bean Selection Arka Mangala for high yield


ICAR-IIHR identified a new Yard Long Bean Selection Arka Mangala for high yield
Yard Long Bean (Vigna unguiculata sub sp sesquipedalis L.) is an important legume vegetable grown for its tender long green pods.  Arka Mangala had maximum number of pods per plant (42). Yield performance during the kharif seasons of 2009  to 2010 has indicated that Selection Arka Mangala has given average yield of 25 t /ha, while the check varieties Lola and Vyjayathi gave pod yield of  20.75 and 19.75  t/ha respectively. The percent yield increase in Arka Mangala over check varieties Lola and Vyjayathi was 24 and 30 in that order. During rabi also yields were almost similar.
Plants are tall pole type require staking. Pods are crisp, long (70-80cm), tender, green. Seeds 20-22. Pods are string less can be snapped very easily are without with out parchment. This variety is mainly proposed for the fresh market. The pods are tender, devoid of parchment and the whole pod is suitable as vegetaCultivation of this variety by the farmer will be highly beneficial as it is high yielding.ble.
Salient features of Arka Mangala:

  • Pole, vigorous, photo insensitive.
  • Pod matures in 60 days.
  • Pod yield Yields 25 t/ha.
  • Pods are green with smooth surface.
  • Duration 90-100 days.




Quality, disease free and genetically stable spawn is the backbone of mushroom industry. Paucity of quality spawn is one of the major factors in the slow progress of mushroom industry in India. The endeavour of ICAR-IIHR has not only been in supplying of quality spawn through its own unit, but also train private entrepreneurs to establish spawn production units through training, technical guidance and supply of ICAR-IIHR designed spawn machinery. One such entrepreneur Mr. A. Swaminathan who was trained in Mushroom spawn production at ICAR-IIHR in June (2-4), 2016, ventured into spawn production and has established Joy Mushrooms, at Walajapet, Vellore, Tamilnadu which was inaugurated by ICAR-IIHR scientists on 08-02-17. The unit at present has the capacity to produce 30 tons per annum and supply to the mushroom farmers in Vellore, Chennai, Coimbatore and other adjoining areas.


















Updated on 17.02.2017

Biological control of Mango inflorescence hoppers Idioscopus spp

Tecnology photo: 


Mango is an important subtropical fruit in India, with high commercial value in internal and export markets.  Among the insect pests mango inflorescence hoppers Idioscopus spp at flowering is the most serious.Infestation of the hoppers cause withering of flowers, sooty mold formation due to honey dew secretion  resulting up to 100 percent loss in fruit setting and thereby  on yield. Presently insecticidal control is recommended for the management of mango hoppers.  However, use of   chemical insecticides were reported  to affect  the beneficial organisms such as pollinators that are important for fruit setting.Hence a need to develop alternate safe eco- friendly management strategy such as biological control for the control was attempted by the Institute.


Based on detailed research work carried out for a decade by ICAR-IIHR, Bangalore a biological control strategy by using entomopathogen Metarhizium anisopliae was developed for management of the pest. An oil based formulation of this fungus was developed by the institute with a prolonged shelf life of more than 12 months that was as effective as chemical pesticides. Two- three sprays of the  product at weekly intervals is recommend   with recording of hopper infestation on panicles at flowering for effective control of the pest. The product /fungus proved to be safe to pollinators of mango  such as Aphis sp, Chryosopha sp etc that are very important for fruit setting in mango.


Information regarding its bio-efficacy, efficacy in different Agro climatic locations, toxicological and eco- toxicological data, shelf life etc are generated for the product.


The formulation was also reported to be effective against many sucking pests especially thrips infesting horticultural crops.


Mango inflorescence hoppers and its impact on mango




Hopper infected byM.anisopliae           




Pollinator of mango                   



Updated on 16.02.2017




Training programme on “Biopesticides for nematode management in horticultural crops” at Vellore district, Tamil Nadu on 14.02.2017

Training programme on “Biopesticides for nematode management in horticultural crops” at Vellore district, Tamil Nadu on 14.02.2017


An awareness cum training programme on “Biomanagement of nematode disease complex in banana” was conducted by ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru at Kammasamudhram village, Vellore District in coordination with Agricultural Research Station & Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Virinjipuram, Vellore district and Thondaimanadalam Farmers Producer Company, Vellore district, Tamil Nadu on 14th February, 2017 under the project funded by DST, New Delhi (PI- Dr. M. S. Rao). About 120 farmers, NGOs and SHGs participated in the training programme.


At the outset, Shri. Kumaran, Director, Thondaimandalam Farmers Producer Company welcomed all the participants and highlighted the economic loss due to damage caused by nematode and panama wilt disease complex encountered in Vellore district in banana and the need for eco-friendly solutions to mitigate the problem. Dr. Joshua, Professor & Head, KVK, Virinjipuram and Dr. Sendhilvel, Asst. Professor (Pathology) delivered special addresses on the crop production and plant protection technologies, respectively. Following that, Dr. R. Umamaheswari, Scientist, Division of Entomology & Nematology, ICAR - IIHR explained the symptoms and losses due to nematode damage and the strategies to mitigate the nematode problems sustainably through IIHR bio-pesticides.



Shri S.K. Singh, Asst. Director of Agriculture (Kaniyambadi), State Dept. of Agriculture, Vellore Dt. and Shri. K. Ganeshan, Manager, Canara Bank, Vellore also delivered special lectures on various schemes available under Centre and State governments for the benefit of farmers. Dr. Pandiyan, Professor and Head, Agricultural Research Station, Virinjipuram gave the Presidential address and elaborated on the major plant protection problems faced by the farmers in banana, tuberose, crossandra and emphasized the importance of biopesticides for eco-friendly management. He also created awareness of new varieties available at ARS & KVK, Virinjipuram and ICAR-IIHR for various agri-horticultural crops for the benefit of farmers.   Shri S. Ramesh, Shri. S. Shivaji, Asst. Horticulture Officers, State Dept. of Horticulture, Vellore Dt were also involved in the programme.



Farmers from various taluks of Vellore District interacted with the IIHR and KVK scientists and cleared their queries on plant protection problems. Later, Pochonia chlamydosporia, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Trichoderma viride formulations were distributed to the farmers. A demonstration was also conducted for enrichment of vermicompost + neem cake with biopesticides and its application in wilt affected banana and papaya fields. Biopesticide enriched neem cake and vermicompost mixture was distributed to twenty progressive farmers for production of disease free seedlings under shade net conditions.






Updated on 16.02.2017

Training of technical staff on "Quality evaluation of fresh fruits and vegetables and their processed products"

02/14/2017 09:00
02/23/2017 16:00

Training of technical staff on "Quality evaluation of fresh fruits and vegetables and their processed products" being organized by the Divison of PHT and AE from February 14-23, 2017


Click here for Nomination Form


The last date for receipt of completed nomination forms is January 31, 2017


Updated on 04.01.2017

ICAR-IIHR organized a Special Training Program for the Officers of Department of Floriculture, Kashmir, Government of Jammu and Kashmir

ICAR-IIHR organized a Special Training Program for the Officers of Department of Floriculture, Kashmir, Government of Jammu and Kashmir


ICAR-IIHR organized a Special Training programme for the horticulture officers of Department of Floriculture, Kashmir was organized on “Improved Technologies of Floriculture” from February 6 to 10, 2017 at ICAR-IIHR, Bengaluru. This programme was sponsored by the Directorate of Floriculture, Kashmir, Srinagar, Government of Jammu & Kashmir. This is the 610th training programme organized in the institute.


During the programme, the resource persons facilitated participants to gain knowledge on latest techniques on floriculture, ornamental /flower crop varieties and technologies at ICAR-IIHR, Bengaluru, advances in gladiolus production, new propagation techniques, post-harvest management and value addition of flowers, management of pests and diseases in ornamentals etc. Most of the presentations in the class were coupled with field visits, practical classes and hands-on-experience. The participants visited different research and demonstration blocks of the institute, nurseries, poly houses and different experimental plots to have better exposure to technologies on  crop production, crop protection and pre and post harvest technologies of floriculture. Additionally, all the participants were taken to the  demonstration farmers’ fields on ornamental crops, flower market in K.R Market, International Flower Auction Centre, Hebbal, Production and Processing unit of aromatic and medicinal crop unit at GKVK, UAS, Bengaluru, Hi tech horticulture nursery at Doddaballapura, commercial seedling nurseries and poly houses to get first hand exposure and direct interaction with farmers.




The participants felt that the programme was very much useful. The knowledge gained by the participants in the theme of the training was 33 %. The programme was coordinated by Mr GA Atheequlla and Dr Achala Paripurna.


Updated on 18.02.2017