Varieties

Undefined
  • MARIGOLD- ARKA BANGARA

    MARIGOLD:     ARKA BANGARA

    Flowers are of yellow gold colour with RHS colour chart No. 12-A in  Yellow Group. The variety comes to flowering by 40-45 days and continues to flower for next  65 -70 days.  Flowers are medium in size with 5-6.5 cm in diameter.  Yield potential of the variety is 18 tons/acre. Distinct features of the variety is its petaloid sterile flowers

  • Sporeless mutant of Pleurotus florida

    Country’s first sporeless mutant of Pleurotus was produced through UV radiation mutation. This mutant was produced to counter the respiratory allergy caused due to inhalation of spores in the commercial farms. The sporeless mutant does not produce any spore as compared to the parent P. florida which produced 9478444 spores/ml This character has been stable since the past 15 years. The yield of this mutant had increased by 38%.

  • Shiitake mushroom (Lentinula edodes)

    Mushrooms brown in color, gills and stalks white. It can be grown on sterilized sawdust and wood chips mixture of hard wood trees. Optimum temperature requirement for spawn running 25-28°C. Spawn running period 80-90 days. Cold water shock treatment essential to induce fructification. Cropping requires an optimum temperature of 22-26°C, humidity of 80-85%, diffused light and ventilation. Mushrooms can be harvested in 3-4 flushes after which the entire cycle is repeated. Total cultivation cycle of 110-120 days. Biological efficiency potential 50-100%. Shelf life 2-3 days at 25-30°C and 10 - 12 days at 4°C. For natural growing any region in India having a temperature range between 20-25°C. Under controlled environment all the regions. All year round natural cultivation can be undertaken in Kodagu, Chickmangalur, Kodaikanal, Ooty, Connoor, North eastern states of Manipur, Meghalaya, Mozoram, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh. Seasonal cultivation can be done in other regions. It can be marketed as fresh, dry or as mushroom powder. Spent mushroom substrate (SMS) can be used as an excellent organic manure or for vermicomposting.

  • Reishi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum)

    Mushrooms brown in color with shining cap. The lower pore surface creamy to white changing color on bruising. Spores brown. It can be grown on sterilized sawdust or paddy straw. Optimum temperature requirement for spawn running 30-32°C. Spawn running period 25-30 days. Cropping requires an optimum temperature of 30-32°C, humidity of 80-85%, light and ventilation. Mushrooms can be harvested in 2-3 flushes after which the entire cycle is repeated. Total cultivation cycle of 120-150 days. Biological efficiency potential 25-30%. Since this mushroom is woody it can be dried and stored for several months. It can be marketed as powder. Reishi mushroom by virtue of being a plant pathogen, demands that utmost care be taken during disposal of the spent mushroom substrate. The spent substrate may be burnt off to avoid its spread to other trees. It is an excellent medicinal mushroom. Species of Ganoderma have been used traditionally as medicinal mushrooms in China and Southeast Asia. Ganoderma nutriceuticals are used for treating patients suffering from cardiovascular problems, leukemia, leucopoenia, hepatitis, nephritis, gastritis, insomnia, asthma, bronchitis and for cholesterol-lowering. Modern research has shown that polysaccharides and tri-terpenoids are the major active ingredients triggering the human immune system. Recent pharmacological and clinical studies suggest that this mushroom is a blood-thinner and exhibits anti-cancer/anti-tumour effects. It is effective against Hepatitis – B and lowers blood glucose and blood pressure.

  • Elm oyster mushroom (Hypsizygus ulmarius)

    It was introduced for commercial production for the first time in India by IIHR. Mushrooms initially gray in color, fading on maturity. Gills and stalks white. Mushrooms large and fleshy with excellent taste. Mushrooms occuring in clusters. Shelf life 36-48 hours at 25-30°C and 4-5 days at 4°C. Commercial cultivation has been standardized on pasteurized (80-85°C for 2 hours)/ sterilized (121 °C, 15 lb pressure for 15 minutes) paddy straw. It completes spawn run in 25-30 days in a temperature range of 25-30°C. Pinhead initiation begins after 4-7 days of opening of the bags and matures for harvest within 2-3 days. The total cropping cycle of this variety from spawning to harvesting 37-42 days. The average biological efficiency of 60-80% can be obtained within this period. It can be marketed as fresh, dry or as mushroom powder. For natural growing any region in India having a temperature range between 20-25°C. Under controlled environment all the regions. All year round natural cultivation can be undertaken in Kodagu, Chickmangalur, Kodaikanal, Ooty, Connoor, North eastern states of Manipur, Meghalaya, Mozoram, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh. Seasonal cultivation can be done in other regions. Spent mushroom substrate (SMS) can be used as an excellent organic manure or for vermicomposting.

  • Milky mushroom (Calocybe indica)

    This is the first indigenous mushroom to be commercialized in the country. Mushrooms white in color, gills and stalks white. Mushrooms large with long, thick fibrous stalk. It can be grown on pasteurized or sterilized wheat or paddy straw. Optimum temperature requirement for spawn running 30-35°C. Spawn running period 24-28 days. Casing essential for fructification. Cropping requires an optimum temperature of 35-38°C, humidity of 85-90%, diffused light and ventilation. Mushrooms can be harvested in 2 flushes after which the entire cycle is repeated. Total cultivation cycle of 57-60 days. Biological efficiency potential 50-100%. Shelf life 2-3 days at 25-30°C and 10-15 days at 4°C. It can be marketed as fresh, dry or as mushroom powder. Spent mushroom substrate (SMS) can be used as an excellent organic manure or for vermicomposting. It is an excellent edible mushroom with high fiber.

     

    Important special traits:

    • High temperature species
    • Excellent shelf life and no browning
    • High fiber content

     

  • ROUNDMELON - Arka Tinda

    An advanced pedigree selection of the cross between T3(from Rajasthan) and T8 (from Punjab) Angular stem with dark green deeply lobed, hirsute leaves. Fruits round with lush green shining skin covered with soft hair when young and tender(60 g) Hairy stem and ovary. Duration 110-115 days Yield 10 t/ha.

  • Musk Melon - Arka Jeet

    An improvement over a local (IIHR 103) collection from Lucknow. Angular stem with dark green lobed leaves. Fruits small (350 g.), round but flat at both the ends. Skin colour dark green at early stage of fruit development which turns into golden orange at full stip stage. Flesh white,medium texture, excellent flavour with high TSS(13-16%) and rich in vitamin C (41.6 mg/100 g) Duration 90 days. Yield 14-15 t/ha.

  • ONION - Arka Swadista

    • It is a white onion variety for fermented preservation has uniform white color, bulbs are oval globe in shape, TSS 18-20%, dry matter content 15-18%, edible bulb 98%, weight 35-40g, small in size (3-3.5 cm) suitable for bottle preservation. It gives bulb yield 16-18t/ha in 105 days.

  • CHILLI - Arka Sweta

    • High yielding chilli F1 hybrid developed by using MS line.
    • Plants medium tall (95 cm) & spreading (82.5 cm).
    • Fruits long (13.2 cm) with 1.3 cm width.
    • Fresh yield 38.4t/ ha and dry yield of 6 t/ ha in 140-150 days.
    • Fruits are light green, turns red.

    • A F9 pedigree selection of the cross Pusa Komal x Arka Garima. Plants erect, bushy, photo insensitive, early with pods above the canopy. Pods medium long, tender, fleshy crisp, without parchment. Good cooking qualities. Resistant to rust Duration 70-75 days. Pod Yield 18 t/ha.
    • Pedigree selection from the cross Blue Crop x Contender.
    • Resistant to rust Plants bushy and photo insensitive. Pods straight, oval, light green, fleshy, stringless and crisp. Duration 70 days. Pod Yield 19 t/ha.
    • This hybrid is a cross between Bangalore Blue and Convent Large Black,
    • The plant is vigorous.
    • On bower system of training at 3 m x 3 m planting distance, its yield potential is 26 tons/ha and 23 kg/vine.
    • Time required for harvest from pruning is 148 days.
    • The bunches are well filled, weighing an average of 130 g/bunch, deep tan coloured, round to ovoid and average berry weight is 3.34 g. T.S.S. varies from 22-23o Brix and acidity from 0.3-0.4 per cent.
    • Vines are good croppers. It is a male sterile hybrid and tolerant to anthraconse and downy mildew diseases and good for wine making. It is an improvement over Bangalore Blue cultivar. All the buds on the cane are highly fruitful and therefore no specific pruning is required. It is possible to take two crops in a year and it is also suitable for head system of training. This variety was released in 1994.
    • Resistant to Powdery mildew, Bacterial blight and Leaf spot
    • It is an F1 hybrid of passion fruit obtained by crossing purple and yellow varieties and is superior to both the parents for many plant and fruit attributes. The vines are very vigorous and exhibit tolerance to important pests and diseases. Kaveri produces ovoid to round, purple dotted, large size (80-90 g) fruits with 30-35 % juice which has 12% total sugars and about 3% acidity. Plants are tolerant to brown leaf spot, wilt, and collar rot, root-knot nematode and thrips. On an average 25 tonnes of fruits/ ha can be harvested.
    • Length of the spike is 83 cm with 15 florets. It has a vase life of 9 days. 
    • Florets are Red with Yellow blotch. 
    • It is moderately resistant to Fusarium wilt disease. (Negi, S.S., Rao, T.M., Raghava, S.P.S., Chacko, C.I., Ramachandran, N and Janakiram, T., 1997)
    • Rasraj is an inter-specific polyembryonic hybrid developed for resistance to bacterial canker disease by breeding.
    • The hybrid derives genes for canker resistance from the Nepali Round lemon parent and other characters from the acid lime parent.
    • The fruit is yellow coloured, weighs on an average about 55g containing 70 % of juice and 12 seeds. The rind is thicker than lime. The acidity is 6 % and TSS is around 8° B.
    • This tuberose hybrid bears single type fragrant flowers on strong, medium spikes. The flower buds are attractive with slightly pinkish tinge. The spikes have more number of flowers and the individual flowers are larger compared to the local 'single' cultivar. Loose flowers of this hybrid can be used for garlands and for extraction of tuberose concrete. The spikes can be used as cut flower. The loose flower yield of this hybrid is about 36 percent higher than the existing local single variety. Identified for release at Karnataka State Level. This hybrid is tolerant to root knot nematodes.
    • This hybrid is a cross between Anab-e-Shahi and Thompson Seedless .
    • The plant is moderately vigorous. 
    • On bower system of training at 3 m x 3 m planting distance, its yield potential is 31 tons/ha and 28 kg/vine. 
    • Time required for harvest from pruning is 153-155 days. 
    • The bunches are well filled, weighing an average of 260 g/bunch, greenish yellow coloured, obovoid uniform seedless berries and average berry weight is 4.08 g, T.S.S. varies from 18-19oBrix and acidity from 0.5-0.6 per cent. It is good for table. It can be an export quality. It responds to GA treatment for thinning as well as berry enlargement. It was released in 1994.