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Tribal youth in remote area shown capability of nursery business

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Tribal youth in remote area shown capability of nursery business

 

Kashipur, block of Rayagada District of Odisha, has more than 70% tribal population.  The economy of the area is based on output from shifting cultivation, forest produces and Bari (homestead garden) and government schemes.  Most of the tribals in the area are poor, backward, uneducated and less benefited from the mainstream development. The unemployed tribal tend to migration to big cities in the search of work which affects the rural wok force.

The Department of Horticulture and Forest & Envirinment Deptt., Govt. of Odisha have taken initiative to increase the area under mango under various schemes like Integrated Tribal Development Programme, National Horticulture Mission, etc. Central Horticultural Experiment Station has been involved in demonstration of potential of mango since last 12 years in the area.  After seeing the commercial potential of mango, the demand for mango planting material gone up in the area. In order to cater the needs, a progressive farmers Sh. K C Mohapatra, was supported with technological backup like rootstock raising, selection of mother plants, stage of scion collection and grafting technique and maintenance of grafts to establish model nursery. He succeeded in producing more than 2.0 lakhs mango plants annually with the annual sale of more than Rs.30.00 lakhs. Apart from providing employment to 25-30 tribal youth, including women, he earns about Rs.10 lakhs annually. He has become a source of inspiration for tribal youth and his nursery unit at Kashipur is the model site for hands-on training. He is now known as the ‘mango nursery man’ of Rayagada.

Looking to his success, CHES, Bhubaneswar initiated collaborative efforts with a local societies, progressive farmers and state department to mobilize and motivate tribal youth to take up mango nursery production in their locality. Under the tribal sub-plan project (TSP), the Station initiated the skill up-gradation programme through Hands-on training and exposure visit in collaboration with HARPAL (Horticulture and Agriculture Related Panchayats Association-an NGO), Department of Horticulture, Govt. of Odisha and progressive farmers.

     

 

As such more than 60 tribal youth have undergone nursery skill upgradation programme.  Nursery kits containing secateurs, budding knives, polythenes and poly caps were distributed among the tribal youth including women to initiate mango nursery production in their localities. The youth were also demonstrated the methods of potting mixure preparation, root stock raising, selection of mother plants and scion, grafting technique and aftercare of grafts. To initiate mango nursery production, agroshed net, water cane, hand sprayer, plastic pipe, polybags along with the nursery kit containing, NPK (19:19:19) mixture, pestides and fungicides were distributed among selected youth. Initially 12 tribal youth started mango nursery with the help of their family members. Each family has produced more than 9000 plants and earned around Rs.0.75-1.35 lakhs by selling them to other farmers and to State Governments under diversion program. The youth also act as a trainer for other interested tribal youth. Realizing the potential of mango nursery, more than 45 tribal youth from 8 different tribal villages have started learning nursery raising technique from the trainers.  The initiative indicates that demand-oriented skill upgradation is the crucial component of family income generation and the support of ICAR institutes in terms of technology and critical inputs are vital incentives to opt this venture.

 


Updated on 20.09.2014