Crop wise

  • MARIGOLD- ARKA BANGARA

    MARIGOLD:     ARKA BANGARA

    Flowers are of yellow gold colour with RHS colour chart No. 12-A in  Yellow Group. The variety comes to flowering by 40-45 days and continues to flower for next  65 -70 days.  Flowers are medium in size with 5-6.5 cm in diameter.  Yield potential of the variety is 18 tons/acre. Distinct features of the variety is its petaloid sterile flowers

  • Sporeless mutant of Pleurotus florida

    Country’s first sporeless mutant of Pleurotus was produced through UV radiation mutation. This mutant was produced to counter the respiratory allergy caused due to inhalation of spores in the commercial farms. The sporeless mutant does not produce any spore as compared to the parent P. florida which produced 9478444 spores/ml This character has been stable since the past 15 years. The yield of this mutant had increased by 38%.

  • Shiitake mushroom (Lentinula edodes)

    Mushrooms brown in color, gills and stalks white. It can be grown on sterilized sawdust and wood chips mixture of hard wood trees. Optimum temperature requirement for spawn running 25-28°C. Spawn running period 80-90 days. Cold water shock treatment essential to induce fructification. Cropping requires an optimum temperature of 22-26°C, humidity of 80-85%, diffused light and ventilation. Mushrooms can be harvested in 3-4 flushes after which the entire cycle is repeated. Total cultivation cycle of 110-120 days. Biological efficiency potential 50-100%. Shelf life 2-3 days at 25-30°C and 10 - 12 days at 4°C. For natural growing any region in India having a temperature range between 20-25°C. Under controlled environment all the regions. All year round natural cultivation can be undertaken in Kodagu, Chickmangalur, Kodaikanal, Ooty, Connoor, North eastern states of Manipur, Meghalaya, Mozoram, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh. Seasonal cultivation can be done in other regions. It can be marketed as fresh, dry or as mushroom powder. Spent mushroom substrate (SMS) can be used as an excellent organic manure or for vermicomposting.

  • Reishi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum)

    Mushrooms brown in color with shining cap. The lower pore surface creamy to white changing color on bruising. Spores brown. It can be grown on sterilized sawdust or paddy straw. Optimum temperature requirement for spawn running 30-32°C. Spawn running period 25-30 days. Cropping requires an optimum temperature of 30-32°C, humidity of 80-85%, light and ventilation. Mushrooms can be harvested in 2-3 flushes after which the entire cycle is repeated. Total cultivation cycle of 120-150 days. Biological efficiency potential 25-30%. Since this mushroom is woody it can be dried and stored for several months. It can be marketed as powder. Reishi mushroom by virtue of being a plant pathogen, demands that utmost care be taken during disposal of the spent mushroom substrate. The spent substrate may be burnt off to avoid its spread to other trees. It is an excellent medicinal mushroom. Species of Ganoderma have been used traditionally as medicinal mushrooms in China and Southeast Asia. Ganoderma nutriceuticals are used for treating patients suffering from cardiovascular problems, leukemia, leucopoenia, hepatitis, nephritis, gastritis, insomnia, asthma, bronchitis and for cholesterol-lowering. Modern research has shown that polysaccharides and tri-terpenoids are the major active ingredients triggering the human immune system. Recent pharmacological and clinical studies suggest that this mushroom is a blood-thinner and exhibits anti-cancer/anti-tumour effects. It is effective against Hepatitis – B and lowers blood glucose and blood pressure.

  • Elm oyster mushroom (Hypsizygus ulmarius)

    It was introduced for commercial production for the first time in India by IIHR. Mushrooms initially gray in color, fading on maturity. Gills and stalks white. Mushrooms large and fleshy with excellent taste. Mushrooms occuring in clusters. Shelf life 36-48 hours at 25-30°C and 4-5 days at 4°C. Commercial cultivation has been standardized on pasteurized (80-85°C for 2 hours)/ sterilized (121 °C, 15 lb pressure for 15 minutes) paddy straw. It completes spawn run in 25-30 days in a temperature range of 25-30°C. Pinhead initiation begins after 4-7 days of opening of the bags and matures for harvest within 2-3 days. The total cropping cycle of this variety from spawning to harvesting 37-42 days. The average biological efficiency of 60-80% can be obtained within this period. It can be marketed as fresh, dry or as mushroom powder. For natural growing any region in India having a temperature range between 20-25°C. Under controlled environment all the regions. All year round natural cultivation can be undertaken in Kodagu, Chickmangalur, Kodaikanal, Ooty, Connoor, North eastern states of Manipur, Meghalaya, Mozoram, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh. Seasonal cultivation can be done in other regions. Spent mushroom substrate (SMS) can be used as an excellent organic manure or for vermicomposting.

  • Milky mushroom (Calocybe indica)

    This is the first indigenous mushroom to be commercialized in the country. Mushrooms white in color, gills and stalks white. Mushrooms large with long, thick fibrous stalk. It can be grown on pasteurized or sterilized wheat or paddy straw. Optimum temperature requirement for spawn running 30-35°C. Spawn running period 24-28 days. Casing essential for fructification. Cropping requires an optimum temperature of 35-38°C, humidity of 85-90%, diffused light and ventilation. Mushrooms can be harvested in 2 flushes after which the entire cycle is repeated. Total cultivation cycle of 57-60 days. Biological efficiency potential 50-100%. Shelf life 2-3 days at 25-30°C and 10-15 days at 4°C. It can be marketed as fresh, dry or as mushroom powder. Spent mushroom substrate (SMS) can be used as an excellent organic manure or for vermicomposting. It is an excellent edible mushroom with high fiber.

     

    Important special traits:

    • High temperature species
    • Excellent shelf life and no browning
    • High fiber content

     

  • ROUNDMELON - Arka Tinda

    An advanced pedigree selection of the cross between T3(from Rajasthan) and T8 (from Punjab) Angular stem with dark green deeply lobed, hirsute leaves. Fruits round with lush green shining skin covered with soft hair when young and tender(60 g) Hairy stem and ovary. Duration 110-115 days Yield 10 t/ha.

  • Musk Melon - Arka Jeet

    An improvement over a local (IIHR 103) collection from Lucknow. Angular stem with dark green lobed leaves. Fruits small (350 g.), round but flat at both the ends. Skin colour dark green at early stage of fruit development which turns into golden orange at full stip stage. Flesh white,medium texture, excellent flavour with high TSS(13-16%) and rich in vitamin C (41.6 mg/100 g) Duration 90 days. Yield 14-15 t/ha.

  • ONION - Arka Swadista

    • It is a white onion variety for fermented preservation has uniform white color, bulbs are oval globe in shape, TSS 18-20%, dry matter content 15-18%, edible bulb 98%, weight 35-40g, small in size (3-3.5 cm) suitable for bottle preservation. It gives bulb yield 16-18t/ha in 105 days.

  • CHILLI - Arka Sweta

    • High yielding chilli F1 hybrid developed by using MS line.
    • Plants medium tall (95 cm) & spreading (82.5 cm).
    • Fruits long (13.2 cm) with 1.3 cm width.
    • Fresh yield 38.4t/ ha and dry yield of 6 t/ ha in 140-150 days.
    • Fruits are light green, turns red.