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FAQ List

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Where can we get reliable planting material in ornamentals?

Nurserymen's co-operative society at Lalbagh, Indian Institute of Horticultural Research , Bangalore will supply the varieties released by the centre.

Can we grow varieties grown in polyhouse under open conditions?

Some select varieties like Grand gala, Naranga are cultivated by farmers around Bangalore under open conditions.

Which are the commercial varieties suitable for open condition in rose?

Mullu hybrid, Sophia loren, Gladiator, Happiness, Bull's red and Queen Elizabeth

Can we do budding on the same variety in rose?

We cannot do budding on same variety of rose.

Which is the most suitable rootstock to be used for budding in rose?

The most ideal rootstocks for rose are 'Rosa multiflora' and 'Nishkant' (Thornless) rootstocks for South Indian conditions and Rosa 'Indica' for North Indian conditions.

Is there any organizations/Associations for medicinal/aromatic crops

Yes. Association for Pomotion of Medicinal and Aromatic Crops (APMAC) is operational to guide the growers and the users of medicinal/aromatic crops in the Karnataka State and as well for the neighboring states. The meeting will be held once in 2 months and the exact date may be obtained from Secretary, APMAC, Division of Horticulture, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore 560 065 and from Principal Scientist & Head, Section of Medicinal Crops, IIHR, Bangalore- 560 089

Kindly suggest some of the organizations which guarantee buy back for the produce generated?

1) Natural Remedies Pvt limited

2) Himalaya Drug Company

3) Sami Labs

What is the normal shelf life of processed products?

Normally at ambient conditions of storage the processed products will have a minimum shelf life of 6 months. Canned products will have one year shelf life at ambient conditions of storage itself. The shelf life of others can be doubled by storing at refrigerated conditions.

What are the common products that can be prepared from different fruits?

The products that can be prepared from major fruits are:

  •  Mango: Pulp, canned juice, canned slices, osmotically dried slices, beverages, fruit bars, jams.
  •  Grapes: Wine, Raisin, RTS beverage, concentrated beverages, canned berries.
  •  Banana: Chips, beverages, clarified juices, mixed fruit jam.
  •  Pineapple: Canned slices, RTS beverage, concentrated beverages, canned juice, fruit bars etc.
  •  Papaya: Tutti-frutti, fruit bar, mixed fruit juices, mixed fruit jam.
  •  Passion fruit: Concentrated juices, blended juices.
  •  Butter fruit: Bread spread
  •  Custard apple: Beverages, mixed fruit jam.
  •  Guava: Clarified fruit juices, jelly, jam.
  •  Apple: Juice, jam, fruit bar.
How processing of fruits and vegetable is beneficial to growers?

During peak season, the price for fresh fruit will be very low leading to losses to growers. In such situation, processing of these perishables into suitable products will help in realizing better prices for their produce.

What are the fruits suitable for osmotic dehydration.

Fruits like mango, pineapple, sapota can be dehydrated using osmotic dehydration.

What are the improved methods of dehydration?

Osmotic dehydration is the simple and improved method of dehydration which can be adopteld even in rural areas without much investment on machinery.

Whether any products can be prepared from fruits like tamarind?

Yes. Products like tamarind juice concentrate and tamarind sauce can be prepared.

What is the difference between jam and jelly?

Jams are prepared using the fruit pulp, while jelly is prepared using fruit extract only and hence jelly will be somewhat transparent or translucent type.

Whether juice can be prepared from pulpy fruits like banana, sapota, jackfruits?

It is possible. But before making the product the extracted pulp has to be liquefied using suitable enzymes so that the pulp becomes thin and usable for juice.

Whether Bangalore Blue varieties can be used for juice?

It can be used. It is desirable to blend Bangalore Blue with ‘Gulabi’ in the proportion of 50:50 in order to enhance taste and flavour of the end product.

Which variety of grapes are ideal for juice?

‘Gulabi’ variety makes juice with very good taste and flavour.

What type of juice can be prepared from grape?

Both RTS and squash/concentrate type products can be prepared.

What are the products that can be prepared from grapes?

Grapes can be processed into wine, juice and raisin.

Is there any preservative that can be used in any type of product?

No Potassium metabisulphite (KMS) should not be used in products like tomato and coloured grape products since sulphur dioxide released from KMS bleaches the colouring pigment lycopene (tomatoes) and anthrocyanins (grapes).

What about concentrated beverages?

They are mainly preserved by the use of chemical preservatives such as potassium metabisulphite or sodium benzoate.

How RTS beverages are preserved?

They are preserved mainly by the application of heat. Hence, no chemical preservatives are added in these products.

What are the main type of beverages that can be made from fruits and vegetables?

Mainly two types are there.

  • RTS – Ready to serve type which need not be further changed in composition while serving.
  • Concentrates: Which needs to be changed in composition while serving by diluting with water.
How to preserve fig fruits?

Fig fruits can be preserved by dehydration after suitable pre-treatments.

Are there any training programmes on processing of fruits and vegetables at IIHR for the benefit of farmers?

We do not have any fixed training programme on processing of fruits and vegetables at present. But on request, if adequate number of farmers are interested training can be arranged.