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Basavaprabhu L. Patil

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Plant Molecular Biology
Ph. D
Experience (No. of Years): 

Major Scientific Contributions:

  • Biodiversity and evolutionary studies of Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) in India.
  • Biodiversity studies and diagnostics of Pigeonpea sterility mosaic emaravirus (PPSMV, -ve sense, segmented, ssRNA virus) and their genome & gene characterization.
  • Contributed for the development of Virus Resistant Transgenic Cassava for Africa, which had successful field trials in East Africa.
  • Studied the biodiversity of viruses involved in cassava brown streak disease (CBSD).
  • Studied the effect of light & temperature on systemic spread of RNA silencing signal.
  • Significantly contributed for studies on geminiviruses and their genes, their interaction with geminivirus satellites and their impact on host micro RNA profiles.
  • Generated biodiversity information for cassava infecting geminiviruses in India and studied their siRNA profiles through next generation sequencing.
  • Characterized Defective Interfering (DI) DNAs derived from geminiviruses


A. Journal Articles (Peer Reviewed):

  1. R. Mishra and B. L. Patil* First complete genome sequence of a distinct Papaya ringspot virus isolate from the northeastern region of India. Genome Announcements 6:e00437-18.
  2. B. L. Patil* and D. Arora (2018) Comparative characterization of small RNAs derived from an emaravirus and a geminivirus infecting pigeonpea. Journal of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology (In Press, DOI: 10.1007/s13562-018-0447-9)
  3. S. Kumar, B. Tanti, B. L. Patil, S. Mukherjee, and L. Sahoo. (2017) RNAi-derived transgenic resistance to Mungbean yellow mosaic India virus in Cowpea. PLoS One. 12(10): e0186786.
  4. B. L. Patil*,M. Dangwal and R. Mishra. (2017) Variability of emaravirus species associated with sterility mosaic disease of pigeonpea in India provides evidence of segment reassortment. Viruses. 9(7). pii: E183.
  5. C. Karthikeyan, B. L. Patil, B. K. Borah, T. R. Resmi, S. Turco, M. M. Pooggin, T. Hohn and K. Veluthambi. (2016) Emergence of a latent Indian cassava mosaic virus from cassava which recovered from infection by a non-persistent Sri Lankan cassava mosaic virus. Viruses 8(10), 264.
  6. H. Wagaba, B. L. Patil, S. Mukasa, T. Alicai, C. M. Fauquet and N. J. Taylor. (2016) Artificial microRNA-derived resistance to Cassava brown streak disease. Journal of Virological Methods. 231, 38-43.
  7. B. L. Patil*,B. Bagewadi, J. S. Yadav and C. M. Fauquet. (2016) Mapping and identification of cassava mosaic geminivirus genome sequences for efficient siRNA expression and RNAi based virus resistance by transient agro-infiltration studies. Virus Research. 213: 109-115. (*Corresponding author)
  8.  B. L. Patil*,and C. M. Fauquet (2015) Studies on differential behavior of cassava mosaic geminivirus DNA components, symptom recovery patterns, and their siRNA profiles. Virus Genes. 50: 474-486. (*Corresponding author)
  9. B. L. Patil*,and P. Lava Kumar (2015) Pigeonpea sterility mosaic virus: a legume-infecting Emaravirus from South Asia. Molecular Plant Pathology. 16(8): 775-786. (*Corresponding author)
  10. B. L. Patil*,J. Legg, E. Kanju and C. M. Fauquet* (2015) Cassava brown streak disease: a threat to food security in Africa. Journal of General Virology. 96: 956-968. (*Corresponding author/s)
  11.  B. L. Patil*,and C. M. Fauquet (2015) Light intensity and temperature affect systemic spread of silencing signal in transient agro-infiltration studies. Molecular Plant Pathology. 16(5): 484-494.
  12. I. Amin, B. L. Patil, R. W. Briddon, S. Mansoor and C. M. Fauquet. (2011) Comparison of phenotypes produced in response to transient expression of genes encoded by four distinct begomoviruses in Nicotiana benthamiana and their correlation with the levels of developmental miRNAs. Virology Journal.  8:238.
  13. I. Amin, B. L. Patil, R. W. Briddon, S. Mansoor and C. M. Fauquet. (2011) A common set of developmental miRNAs are upregulated in Nicotiana benthamiana by diverse begomoviruses. Virology Journal. 8:143.
  14. B. L. Patil*,E. Ogwok, H. Wagaba, I. U. Mohammed, J. S. Yadav, B. Bagewadi, N. J. Taylor, T. Alicai, J. F. Kreuze, M. N. Gowda and C. M. Fauquet. (2011) RNAi mediated resistance to diverse isolates belonging to two virus species involved in Cassava brown streak disease. Molecular Plant Pathology. 12(1): 31-41.
  15. J. S. Yadav, E. Ogwok, H. Wagaba, B. L. Patil, B. Bagewadi, T. Alicai, E. Gaitan- Solis, N. J. Taylor, and C. M. Fauquet. (2011) RNAi mediated resistance to Cassava brown streak Uganda virus in transgenic cassava. Molecular Plant Pathology. 12(7): 677-687.
  16. D. R. Mbanzibwa, Y. P. Tian, A. K. Tugume, B. L. Patil, J. S. Yadav,…….., C. M. Fauquet, and J.P.T. Valkonen. (2011) Evolution of cassava brown streak disease-associated viruses. Journal of General Virology. 92: 974-987.
  17. E. Ogwok, B. L. Patil, T. Alicai and C. M. Fauquet. (2010) Transmission studies with Cassava brown streak Uganda virus (Potyviridae: Ipomovirus) and its interaction with abiotic and biotic factors in Nicotiana benthamiana. Journal of Virological Methods. 169: 296-304.
  18.  B. L. Patil  and C. M. Fauquet. (2010) Differential interaction between cassava infecting geminiviruses and geminivirus satellites. Journal of General Virology. 91:1871-1882.
  19. R. W.  Briddon,B.  L.  Patil, . i, . . NlRn d C. Ft. ) Distinct evolutionary histories of          the DNA-A and DNA-B components of bipartite begomoviruses. BMC Evolutionary Biology.0:.
  20. B. L. Patil and C. M. Fauquet. (2009) Cassava Mosaic Geminiviruses: actual knowledge and perspectives. Molecular Plant Pathology. 10: 685-701.
  21. B. L. Patil, N. Dutt, R. Briddon, S. Bull, D. Rothenstein, B. K. Borah, I. Dasgupta, J. Stanley and H. Jeske. (2007) Deletion and recombination events between DNA-A and DNA-B generate defective molecules in Indian cassava-infecting Geminiviruses. Virus Research. 124: 59-67.
  22. D. Rothenstein, D. Haible, I. Dasgupta, N. Dutt, B. L. Patil, and H. Jeske. (2006) Biodiversity and recombination of cassava-infecting begomoviruses from southern India. Archives of Virology. 151: 55-69.
  23. B. L. Patil and I. Dasgupta. (2006) Defective interfering DNAs of Plant Viruses. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences. 25:47-64.
  24. B. L. Patil , S. Rajasubramaniam, C. Bagchi and I. Dasgupta. (2005) Both Indian cassava mosaic virus and Sri Lankan cassava mosaic virus are found in India and exhibit high variability as assessed by PCR-RFLP. Archives of Virology. 150: 389-397.
  25. B. L. Patil, V. S. Hegde, and P.M. Salimath (2003) Studies on genetic divergence over stress and non-stress environment in mungbean. The Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding.  63(1): 77-78.  

B. Books (Edited):

  1. B. L. Patil. Genes, Genetics and Transgenics for Virus Resistance in Plants, Caister Academic Press, Norfolk, UK; 2018, DOI:; ISBN: 978-1-910190-82-1
  2. R. K. Gaur, N. Petrova, B. L. Patil and M. I. Stoyanova. Plant Viruses: Evolution and Management, Springer Publishers; 2016, ISBN 978-981-10-1405-5

C. Book Chapters:

  1. B. L. Patil* (2018) Genetic Engineering for Virus Resistance in Plants: Principles and Methods. In: Genes, Genetics and Transgenics for Virus Resistance in Plants. Editor: B. L. Patil. Caister Academic Press, Norfolk, UK. Chapter 5, 101-116.
  2. M. Dangwal, SM Shivraj and B. L. Patil* (2018) Novel Strategies for Engineering Resistance to Plant Viral Diseases. In: Crop Improvement through Microbial Biotechnology. Editors: Ram Prasad, Sarvajeet Singh Gill & Narendra Tuteja. Elsevier, USA. Chapter 7, 145-173.
  3. B. L. Patil* and P. L. Kumar (2017) Pigeonpea sterility mosaic emaravirus: a journey from a mysterious disease to a classic emaravirus. In: A Century of Plant Virology in India. Editors: B Mandal, GP Rao, VK Baranwal & RK Jain, Springer. Chapter 10, 255-270.
  4. S. K. Sinha and B. L. Patil* (2017) Applications of RNA-interference and Virus Induced Gene Silencing (VIGS) for Nutritional Genomics in Crop Plants. In: Phytonutritional Improvement of Crops (Eds. N. Benkeblia). John-Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chapter 4, 185-202.
  5. S. Tripathi*, B. L. Patil and R. Verma (2016) Viral Diseases of Banana and their Management. In: Plant Viruses: Evolution and Management (Eds. R. K. Gaur, N. Petrova, B. L. Patil & M. I. Stoyanova). Springer, Chapter 17, 289-308.
  6. R. Mishra, R. K. Gaur and B. L. Patil* (2016) Viruses infecting Papaya and their Transgenic Management. In: Plant Viruses: Evolution and Management (Eds. R. K. Gaur, N. Petrova, B. L. Patil & M. I. Stoyanova). Springer, Chapter 11, 189-203.
  7. M. Hema, B. L. Patil, V. Celia Chalam and P. Lava Kumar. (2015) Soybean mosaic. In: Virus Diseases of Tropical and Subtropical Crops (eds P. Tennant & G. Fermin). CAB International, Nosworthy Way Wallingford Oxfordshire, UK; 108-120.
  8. M. Hema, P. Sreenivasulu, B. L. Patil, P. Lava Kumar and D. V. R. Reddy. (2014) Tropical Food Legumes: Virus Diseases of Economic Importance and their Control. In: Control of Plant Virus Diseases: Seed-Propagated Crops. Eds. G. Loebenstein & N. Katis.  Advances in Virus Research. 90 (9): 431-505.
  9. B. L. Patil* and C. Kameswara Rao (2015) Strategies for Nutritional Enhancement of Staple Food Crops.  In: Genetically Engineered Crops in Developing Countries. Eds. D.V.R. Reddy, P. Ananda Kumar, P. Lava Kumar, G. Loebenstein, & C. Kameswara Rao. Studium Press LLC, USA, pp. 331-365.
  10. L. Tripathi, P. Lava Kumar, B. L. Patil and C. Fatokun (2015) Pathogen-resistant Genetically Engineered Crops in Africa. In: Genetically Engineered Crops in Developing Countries.  Publisher:  Studium Press, Texas (USA), New Delhi.  Eds. D.V.R. Reddy, P. Ananda Kumar, P. Lava Kumar, G. Loebenstein, & C. Kameswara Rao. Studium Press LLC, USA, pp. 217-240.
  11. B.  L.  Patil and C.  M.  Fauquet. (2011) Ecology of plant viruses, with special reference to geminiviruses. In: Studies in Viral Ecology (Volume I), C. Hurst (ed.). Hoboken, NJ.: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Chapter 11, pp. 273-306.
  12. M. Abhary, B. L. Patil and C. M. Fauquet. (2007) Molecular biodiversity, taxonomy and nomenclature of tomato yellow leaf curl-like viruses. In: Tomato yellow leaf curl virus disease. H. Czosnek (ed.). New York: Springer, pp. 85-120.
  13. B.  L.  Patil and I.  Dasgupta.  (2005)  Diversity of Viruses Infecting Agriculturally Important Crop Plants in India. In: International Conference on Microbial Diversity:  Current Perspectives and Potential Applications, T. Satyanarayana & B.N. Johri (ed.), I.K. International Publishing House, pp. 471-480.

D. Teaching Aids Developed for University Grants Commission (UGC, India):

  1. B. L. Patil* and N. Chandrashekhar (2016) Teaching Review on “Strategies for Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants” as part of Syllabus on “Plant Genetic Engineering” for ePG-Pathshala by UGC-INFLIBNET (University Grants Commission-Information and Library Network Centre, India). (
  2. B. L. Patil*, N. Chandrashekhar and S. Savadi (2015) Teaching Review on “Strategies for Resistance to Fungal Pathogens” as part of Syllabus on “Plant Genetic Engineering” for ePG-Pathshala by UGC-INFLIBNET. (
  3. B. L. Patil* (2014) Teaching Review on “Strategies for resistance to plant viral diseases” as part of Syllabus on “Plant Genetic Engineering” for ePG-Pathshala by UGC-INFLIBNET. (

Research Grants/Projects:

  • 2018-2021: Assessment of Major Viral Diseases of Banana in Northeast India and Biotechnological Interventions for the Management of these viruses.

Source of Funding: Sanctioned Budget: Rs. 23.67 lakhs.

  • 2016-2019: A novel micro RNA-induced gene silencing (MIGS) strategy for development of pest & disease tolerant cotton plants.

Source of Funding: DBT-BIRAC (BIPP), Sanctioned Budget (NRCPB): Rs. 92.72 lakhs.

  • 2016-2018: Principal Investigator and Mentor for three National Post Doctoral Fellows, funded by DST-SERB (Science and Engineering Research Board), Govt. of India.
  • 2014-2018: Pigeonpea viruses: Characterization of viral genome, their genes & transgenic control. Source of Funding: ICAR-NRCPB In-House Project.
  • 2014-2017: Virus resistant transgenic Papaya. Source of Funding: ICAR-Network Project on Transgenic in crops (NPTC). Sanctioned Budget: Rs. 132 lakhs.

Workshops/Symposia Organised:

  • Joint Secretary and Member of the Organising Committee for the 8th International Geminivirus Symposium & 6th International ssDNA Virology Workshop held in New Delhi, during 7-10 November-2016.
  • ICAR sponsored 21 days Summer School on “RNA-interference as a Tool for Plant Functional Genomics & Crop Improvement”, at ICAR-NRCPB, 6-26 May, 2015.

Professional Affiliations:

  • Life Member, Indian Society of Virology
  • Life Member, Society of Plant Biochemistry & Biotechnology (India)
  • Member, American Society for Microbiology (USA); (2018)
  • Member, American Society of Plant Biologists (USA); (2007)
  • Associate Member, American Society of Virology (USA); (2008-2010)
  • Member Society of Genetics and Plant Breeding, IARI, New Delhi (India)


  • EUs Erasmus Mundus BRAVE programme’s visiting faculty fellowship, to work at Agricultural University of Athens (Greece), during 2016-17.
  • International Travel Grants from GCP-21 (Funded by Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation) & DBT (India) to participate in 1st World Congress on Roots & Tuber Crops, at Nanning, China, 18-23 January-2016.
  • Awarded IVS Fellow (Plant Virology) for 2014, by Indian Virological Society (IVS).
  • Best Oral Presentation Award  during 21st National Virology Conference (VIROCON-2012) at IVRI, Mukteswar, India on 10th November 2012.
  • Travel grant for 27th American Society for Virology Annual Meeting during 12-16 July 2008 at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  •  Best Poster Award during 14th Annual Convention of the Indian Virological Society and National Symposium held at IARI, New Delhi on 16th October 2004.
  • DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service) scholarship for the year 2003, to work in University of Stuttgart, Germany.
  •  NET/JRF/SRF(Life Sciences) from CSIR, India.
  •  ICAR-NET in Plant Breeding (2002) by Indian Council of Agricultural Research, India
  • S.J. Jindal Trust’s Merit Scholarship during M. Sc (Agriculture), at U.A.S. Dharwad.
  • U.A.S. Dharwadrit holrhipfrom 1994-1998 during B. Sc (Agri).
  • Sainik School Merit Scholarship from 6th to 10th standard.
Division of Basic Sciences
ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR), Hessaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru, 560089, India.
Address for Communication: 

Division of Biotechnology,

ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR),

Hessaraghatta Lake Post, Bengaluru, 560089, India

E. mail:,

Cell: +91 8376058187, Office: +91-80-23086100,  401Fax: +91-80-28466291

Email Address:
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080-23086100, Extn 410