Technology developed: Mucuna pruriens var utilis
• Two superior selections of Mucuna pruriens var utilis were released.
• Arka Dhanwantri. gives high yield with high L-DOPA seeds have shiny black seed coat and has a duration of 180 days.
• Arka Aswini an early maturing line (120 days ) with high seed yield and L-dopa content . These lines do not possess itchy trichomes on pods and are suitable for commercial cultivation Released varieties as co contributor
• Aerobic rice Anagha BI-33 (ARB-6) is released and recommended for aerobic situation in zone 5 of Karnataka.
• Arka Aswagandha a high root yielding line of Aswagandha ( Withania somnifera) with higher chemical content is released from Institute Under Pipeline Mucuna pruriens
• Promising advance breeding lines with high seed yield, and, high L-dopa content over the released lines are in pipeline Betelvine ( Piper betel)
• Two high yielding promising clones of betelvine, Godi Bangla (female) and Swarna kapoori (male) identified • Promising betelvine hybrids HY 06-1, 06-4, 06-11 showed good plant growth and vigor both in field and shade net conditions are under Multi location trail Significant Research Accomplishments Mucuna pruriens
• Large germplasm collected through exploration and from secondary sources are maintained. Germplasm lines were characterized for different growth and yield traits and L-dopa.
• Traits for possible descriptors identified ( 4 vegetative traits, 15 Inflorescence and fruit traits and 9 seed traits).
• Donors for high L-Dopa content were identified from the germplasm for further utilization in breeding studies. Betelvine ( Piper betel) • Large germplasm being maintained at Central Horticultural Experimental Station (CHES), Hirehalli.
• Molecular characterization of germplasm through ISSR markers
• Studies on DUS traits development
• Studies on floral biology were carried out and hybridization techniques, methods for hybrid seed germination and seedling rising were standardized.
• For the first time large hybrid population developed in this crop
• Interspecific hyridisation to transfer resistance to Phytophthora wilt using P. colubrinum is on the way
• Studies on Sexual dimorphism and related traits in flowering hybrids
• Sex linked SCAR marker developed from ISSR markers reported for the first time
• Garcinia indica:Different floral variants (male , hermaphrodite and functionally male with rudimentary stigma) in Garcinia indica were recorded and plus tree identified for yield
• Bixa orellano: Bixa collections were studied for morphological and floral variations and were calssified into four distinct morpho types. Bixin estimations showed that the plants with bright red pods had higher bixin content.
• Aonla : NA 7 recorded high fruit yield and and NA 10 has shown early bearing under Bangalore conditions
1) Khadke, G. N., Hima Bindu, K., Ravishankar, K. V. 2012 Development of SCAR marker for sex determination in dioecious betelvine (Piper betle L. ) Current Science, 103 (6), 712-716.
2) Vikas Bajpai, Renu Pandey, Mahendra Pal Singh Negi, K Hima Bindu, Nikhil Kumar and Brijesh Kumar (2012) Characteristic differences in metabolite profile in male and female plants of dioecious Piper betle L. J. Biosci. 37(6): 1061–1066.
3) K. Hima Bindu, M.A.Suryanarayana and T.Vasantha kumar 2010. Evaluation of Garcinia indica Choisy for floral and yield traits. pp.no. 87-90 IN Garcinia Genetic Resources. Linking diversity, Livelihood and Management. National Symposium on Garcinia Genetic Resources, contributed Research articles (Eds: R.Vasudeva. B.S.Janagoudar, B.M.C.Reddy, Bhuwan Sphabit and H.P.Singh), 8-9 th May College of Forestry, Sirsi, Karnataka
4) K. Hima Bindu, M.A. Suryanarayana and T. Vasantha Kumar (2008). Crop improvement in Piper betle L. status and future strategies, compilation of lead papers and extended summaries, National Seminar on Piperaceae Harnessing Agro technologies Accelerated production of economically important Piper species. held at IISR, Calicut, 21 to 22 nd November, 2008, pp. 235-240.
5) K. Hima Bindu, Suryanarayana M. A. and Vasantha Kumar T. (2007) Breeding of betelvine for commercial utilization. In Proceedings of National work shop on Spices and Aromatic plants 16-17 May 2007, UAS, Bangalore IN A glimpse of Spice cultivation, pp 30-33.
6) K. Hima Bindu, and Shashidhar H. E. 2006 Genetic analysis of root architecture in japonica/indica cross. International Rice Research Notes (IRRN) 35 (3-4) 51-52
7) K. Hima Bindu , K. Veena kumari , L. Hegde and T. Vasantha kumar 2006 .Extent of heterosis for morphological, yield traits and forskolin content in Coleus forskohlii Briq. Asian Journal of Horticulture 2006, 3-4
8) K. Hima Bindu, K. Veena Kumari and T. Vasantha Kumar 2005 Genetic variability and association between growth and tuber traits in Coleus forskohlii JMAPS 27(2): 233-237
9) L. Hegde, T. V. Kumar and K Hima Bindu 2005 Evaluation of Coleus forskohlii accessions for tuber and forskolin yield. Acta Hort. 675 :217-219.
10) D.H.Sukanya, Gayatri Datta, K.Hima Bindu and Veena Gupta. 2010. Variability for morphological and yield contributing traits in Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera L.) Germplasm and its implications in crop. South Indian Horticulture. Vol.58, pp.7-9
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