Shiitake mushroom (Lentinula edodes)
Mushrooms brown in color, gills and stalks white. It can be grown on sterilized sawdust and wood chips mixture of hard wood trees. Optimum temperature requirement for spawn running 25-28°C. Spawn running period 80-90 days. Cold water shock treatment essential to induce fructification. Cropping requires an optimum temperature of 22-26°C, humidity of 80-85%, diffused light and ventilation. Mushrooms can be harvested in 3-4 flushes after which the entire cycle is repeated. Total cultivation cycle of 110-120 days. Biological efficiency potential 50-100%. Shelf life 2-3 days at 25-30°C and 10 - 12 days at 4°C. For natural growing any region in India having a temperature range between 20-25°C. Under controlled environment all the regions. All year round natural cultivation can be undertaken in Kodagu, Chickmangalur, Kodaikanal, Ooty, Connoor, North eastern states of Manipur, Meghalaya, Mozoram, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh. Seasonal cultivation can be done in other regions. It can be marketed as fresh, dry or as mushroom powder. Spent mushroom substrate (SMS) can be used as an excellent organic manure or for vermicomposting.