The Division of fruit crops was started in 1968 to cater the research and development needs in tropical and subtropical fruits at national level. This division was headed by Dr.C.P.A.Iyer (1968, 1973-80 and 1991-94), Dr.K.L.Chada (1969-72), Dr.A.G.Purohit (1981-84), Dr.Rajendra Singh (1986-90), Dr.Shikhamani (1995-97), Dr.I.S.Yadav (1997-99), Dr.G.S.Prakash (2000-2008), Dr.Chitraichelvan (2009-2014), Dr.M.R.Dinesh (2015-16) and currently Dr. Reju M. Kurian is heading the Division. This division is mainly working on the genetic improvement of fruit crops (Mango, Papaya, Grapes, Guava, Pomegranate, Custard apple, Fig, Jackfruit, Pummelo & Underutilized fruits) for improved productivity, quality and resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses by adopting the breeding techniques such as hybridization, mutation, backcross method, OP seedling selection raising of half sibs, distant hybridization and haploid breeding. On the production side, this division is working on the development and refinement of production technology of fruit crops through the High Density Planting (HDP), canopy architecture, crop regulation, intercropping systems and optimization of nutrients and water level for higher production and productivity. This division is also offering courses on breeding of fruit crops, advances in fruit breeding and national problems in fruit crops to the Post Graduate students of University of Horticultural Sciences, Bagalkot and IARI, New Delhi.
The mandated crops for the Division are:
Mango, Papaya, Grapes, Guava, Pomegranate, Custard apple, Jamun, Sapota, Fig, Jackfruit, Pummelo & Underutilized fruits.
- To carry out the basic, strategic and applied research for higher productivity, quality and utility of fruit crops in tropical agro-climatic zones of India.
- To be the National Active Germplasm Sites (NAGS) for major fruit crops and their effective management
- To conduct teaching and training programmes for development of human resources.
- Transfer of technologies to the line department and study their impact.
Developed and released high yielding hybrids/varieties in Mango (4 no), Papaya (2 no), Guava (4 no), Grapes (8 no), Custard apple (1no), Pomegranate (1no) and lime (1no). Standardised the high density planting (HDP) and nutrient requirements for Banana, Mango, Papaya, Grapes and Pineapple.
- Breeding for yield, quality, and biotic and abiotic stresses.
- High density planting (HDP), Canopy management and Stock-Scion interaction in tropical fruits.
- Water productivity and nutrient dynamics in tropical fruits for higher production and productivity.
- Intercropping in pre-bearing fruit crop based orchard systems.
1. ‘Field Gene bank’ collections at present ;
2. Mother plants field gene bank
The Division maintains mother plants as well as Fruit Crop Nursery, which produces ‘true to type’ plant materials of the fruit crops viz., Custard apple var.Arka Sahan, mango varieties Alphonso, Banganapalli, Totapuri and Amrapali, guava varieties Arka Mridula, Arka Kiran and Arka Rashmi, sapota variety Cricket Ball and the seed production of the papaya varieties Arka Surya and Arka Prabhath. The total area of nursery compressing of mother block of Mango, Guava, Sapota, Annona and papaya seed production area is about 20 acres.
3. Research Laboratory (4 No)
4. Research field facility (Block 1, Block 2 and Block 9)
5. Farmers and Scientists Interaction meet
- Farmers and - scientists interaction meet on Pomegranate
- IIHR Annona variety- Arka Sahan – Technical knowledge support
Dr. Reju M. Kurian
Principal Scientist & I/c. Head
Division of Fruit Crops
Hessaraghatta Lake Post
Bangalore – 560 089.